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Mate: what it is, what it serves and what effects it has

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The mate is an infusion that is made from the leaves and stems of the yerba mate, a medicinal plant of the species Ilex paraguariensis, rich in caffeine, polyphenols, flavonoids, vitamins and minerals, which gives health benefits, such as fighting fatigue, lowering cholesterol, helping weight loss and strengthening the immune system.

The mate can be found in herbalists, natural products stores and markets, in the presentation of hojas and dry stalks, or in tea bags, and can be consumed in the form of an infusion, for example.

Due to the high caffeine content in mate, this drink must be consumed according to medical advice or from a nutritionist, and the total consumption of caffeine must be considered, so as not to exceed the amount of caffeine that can be consumed daily.



The main benefits of mate infusion for health are:

1. Help slimming

The mate infusion can be used to help lose weight, as the caffeine present in its composition has a thermogenic effect, which accelerates the metabolism, causing the body to spend more energy and increase the burning of visceral fat.

In addition, the infusion mate delays gastric emptying and increases the feeling of satiety, reducing appetite, being very useful for weight loss.

However, the use of the infusion of mate must be carried out with the guidance of a doctor, and take a balanced diet recommended by the nutritionist. See how to have a healthy diet to slim down.



2. Fight fatigue and discouragement

The caffeine present in the mate infusion has direct action and acts by blocking the effects of adenosine, a substance that causes fatigue and sweat, in addition to increasing the release of neurotransmitters such as adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, glutamate and serotonin, which causes its stimulating effect.

In this way, the infusion of mate helps to combat tiredness and discouragement, being a good option to wake up and after food. However, it should be avoided in the evening and late in the afternoon, as it can cause insomnia and make it difficult for you to sleep.

3. Improve attention and concentration

In addition to the caffeine present in its composition with brain stimulating action, the infusion of mate also contains vitamins from the B complex, which participate in the metabolism of nutrients to provide energy to the body, which helps to increase mental performance, improving reasoning, attention, concentration and memory.

The consumption of mate infusion is especially indicated for students and people in their work environment with the objective of maintaining alertness and increasing motivation and productivity.

4. Improve your mood

The mate is rich in theobromine and caffeine, which help to increase the levels of serotonin in the brain, a neurotransmitter related to the regulation of mood, heart rate, sweat and appetite. In this way, you can help to improve and fight the symptoms of depression and anxiety.

5. Helps to lower cholesterol levels

The mate is rich in substances such as nicotinic acid, ursolic acid and saponins, with antioxidant action, which helps to lower the levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides. In addition, the saponins of mate tea help to reduce the absorption of fat from foods, which also contributes to lowering cholesterol.

However, it is not necessary to replace the treatment with drugs and diet indicated by the doctor to treat high cholesterol, and can be used to complete the medical treatment. See the main drugs to lower cholesterol.

6. Prevents cardiovascular diseases

The polyphenols, caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid present in mate, have a potent antioxidant action, which helps in the reduction of bad cholesterol, which is responsible for forming fatty plaques in the arteries. Because it can help reduce the accumulation of fat in blood vessels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke.

However, the regular consumption of mate tea does not replace medical treatment with medicines and does not exclude the need to bring a healthy diet, poor in fat.

7. Aid in diabetes control

The infusion of mate contains chlorogenic acids in its composition, with antioxidant and hypoglycemic properties, which help to reduce the damage caused by free radicals in the cells and to reduce the production of glucose in the liver, regulating its levels in the blood, local can help control diabetes.

a studio[1] It showed that toasted mate, consumed in 330 ml cans, 3 times a day, for 60 days, helped to reduce blood glucose and glucosylated hemoglobin levels, which can be useful to control diabetes.

However, it is important to point out that the infusion of mate must complement the treatment indicated by the doctor for diabetes, so it cannot be substituted.

8. Improve muscle performance

Mate therapy can help reduce muscle inflammation caused by exercise, accelerating muscle recovery and reducing pain after training.

In addition, mate tea also helps to improve disposition and enhance performance in training, in addition to being important to facilitate the beginning of physical activities due to its stimulating effect.

9. Strengthens the immune system

The mate infusion is rich in saponins, which has anti-inflammatory action, in addition to vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C, selenium and zinc, with properties that help to strengthen the immune system, preventing and helping in the fight against infections.

How to prepare mate

The mate infusion can be drunk hot or cold, and a few drops of lemon can be added if desired. This can be prepared in a bowl or you can use a specific container known as porongo, mate or calabaza and use a kind of pot to drink it, called bombilla.

When it is prepared with cold water, it is known as tereré, a very useful preparation in Paraguay and Brazil.

Ingredients

  • 1 spoonful of yerba mate toasted hojas;
  • 1 cup of boiling water.

preparation method

Add the yerba mate’s hojas in the hirviendo water bowl, cover and leave to rest for 5 to 10 minutes. Paste and take it. You can consume up to 1.5 liters of mate infusion per day.

To prepare the infusion in the porongo, you must add the yerba mate inside the container until it fills 2/3. Cover with the hand and shake it, tilt the container so that the grass accumulates only on one side and place hot water before the boiling point between 70 and 90ºC or cool on the empty side. Place the bombilla near the wall of the container and up to the bottom of the porongo, covering the opening with your finger. To drink the infusion, use the bombilla.

Possible side effects

Mate tea is relatively safe when consumed occasionally. However, when ingested daily, it can lead to the development of secondary effects, especially related to the caffeine present in its composition, such as headache, insomnia, difficulty sleeping, and increased blood pressure.

In addition, some studies [2,3,4] They have shown that mate, when consumed for a long time, can increase the risk of developing cancer in the respiratory and digestive tract, due to the presence of aromatic hydrocarbons in its composition, which has the same effect of tobacco and smoked foods.

Contraindications

Mate is contraindicated in children, embarassed women and people with insomnia, nervousness, anxiety problems or high tension, due to its high caffeine content.

In addition, in the case of diabetic patients, this drink should only be used under the guidance of a doctor; This could reduce the blood sugar levels and it might be necessary to adapt the treatment.

Mate should also be avoided in people who are being treated with monoamine oxidase (MAOI) inhibiting drugs, such as selegiline, moclobemide, isocarboxazid, phenelzine, nialamide, iproniazid or tranylcypromine, for example.

Verified by RJ9823 – Public Utility – cc2.0

Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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