There are several diseases that can produce sore eyes in babies, toddlers and adults, dealing with the most common conjunctivitis, colds, allergies, sinusitis and eye injuries. However, there are other situations that can also cause tearing, such as the use of some medications, fever, corneal inflammation, blepharitis, chalazion or allergic rhinitis, for example.
These illnesses can be diagnosed by an ophthalmologist, through an evaluation of the symptoms that the person presents and an eye exam, so that once the situation is identified, the doctor will indicate the most appropriate treatment.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation in the eye, which can be produced by an allergic reaction, reaction to some irritating substance or infection by a virus or bacteria. The symptoms that can manifest themselves are reddening in the eyes, comezón, tearing, lag and irritation, for example. Know the main types of conjunctivitis.
What to do: the treatment of conjunctivitis depends on its cause. In the case of allergic conjunctivitis, the doctor usually prescribes antihistamine eye drops, and in case of toxic conjunctivitis it is recommended to wash with sterile saline and use eye drops that calm irritation. In case of infection, an antibiotic eye drops may be necessary, which, depending on the symptoms, an anti-inflammatory drug may be added.
Learn more about medications to treat conjunctivitis.
2. Flu and cold
In a flu or cold, you can have symptoms such as sore eyes, coughs, fever, sore throat and headache, runny nose and tiredness. However, during a flu, the symptoms are more intense and last longer.
What to do: the treatment of flu and cold consists of relieving allergic symptoms and pain, based on the use of analgesics and antipyretics, such as Dipyrone or Paracetamol, antihistamines such as Desloratadine or anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen. In addition, it is also possible to recommend the strengthening of the immune system through the intake of vitamin C, for example. Find out more about treatment for the flu.
3. Corneal ulcer
A corneal ulcer is an inflamed lesion that appears on the cornea, producing symptoms such as pain, sensation of a foreign object in the eye, or blurred vision, for example. It is usually caused by an infection in the eye, but it can also be caused by small cuts, dryness in the eyes, contact with irritating substances or problems with the immune system, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
In this way, those who have the greatest risk of suffering from a corneal ulcer are those people who use contact lenses, eye drops with steroids or who have lesions or burns on the cornea.
What to do: The treatment must be carried out immediately with the objective of avoiding serious complications in the cornea and consists of the administration of antibiotic, antifungal and/or anti-inflammatory eye drops, in case of an infection. In case the ulcer is produced by some disease, it must be treated or controlled.
Respiratory allergy can appear when the airways come into contact with substances such as pollen, octopus, moho, cat hair or other animals, or other allergenic substances, which cause symptoms such as blocked nose or nasal flow, comezón in the nose, constant snoring , tos dry, reddening and tearing, just like headache.
What to do: the treatment consists of the administration of antihistamines such as desloratadine, cetirizine or ebastine, for example, and in case the allergy makes breathing difficult, it may be necessary to use bronchodilators, such as salbutamol or fenoterol.
5. Headache in clusters
The headache in races is a pain in a single side of the head, generally very strong, excruciating and which arises during the sueño, being a rare illness, much more intense and disabling than the migration, considered as the worst pain that can be experienced , being more strong than a renal crisis, pancreatic or pain in childbirth. Other symptoms, such as redness, tearing in the same side where the pain is present, inflammation of the shoulder or nasal flow can also be manifested.
In comparison with migration, those who suffer from this type of headache do not rest, prefer to walk or sit during the crisis.
What to do: This illness does not heal, without embargo the doctor can prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, opioids and 100% oxygen in the case of a crisis.
Also known as rhinosinusitis, it is a disease that presents itself when the mucosa of the sinuses of the face becomes inflamed, the structures are located around the nasal cavities. It is triggered by irritating substances in the environment, infections by fungi and allergies, for example.
The most common symptoms are pain in the face, nasal secretion, sore eyes and headache, which can vary from agreement to cause of illness and person. Learn more about the types of sinusitis.
What to do: The treatment depends on the type of sinusitis that the person suffers, although it is usually carried out with analgesics and anti-inflammatories, corticoids, antibiotics and nasal decongestants. Find out more about the background of the treatment for sinusitis.
Verified by RJ9823 – Public Utility – cc2.0
Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937
Content for educational purposes only
The translator user relied on the following text:
Tua Saude Website – REF93782 – Verified
Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.
Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.