How to treat the 7 most common sight diseases

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Visual illnesses can arise after birth or develop throughout life due to trauma, injuries, chronic illnesses or simply due to the natural aging of the body.

However, most vision problems can be corrected with the use of lenses, contact lenses or surgery to improve the patient’s vision capacity, especially when the ophthalmologist makes an early diagnosis and quickly initiates the appropriate treatment.

1. Myopia

Myopia is characterized by the difficulty of seeing objects from far away, causing the emergence of constant headache, which originates from the habit of squeezing the eyes to try to see better. For general people with myopia have good vision of the fence.

How to treat: The treatment for myopia starts with the use of lenses or contact lenses, which help to focus the observed image. However, another option is laser surgery that can be performed after the doctor finds that the degree of myopia has stopped increasing.

2. Hypermetropia

Hypermetropia consists of the difficulty in seeing objects around and generally, it arises from birth, which can cause fatigue in the eyes, headaches and difficulty concentrating, especially at school.

How to treat: Hypermetropia can be treated with the use of lenses or contact lenses that help to correctly see surrounding objects. However, the patient can also resort to surgery by medical indication, to modify or definitively correct the cornea and avoid the constant use of lenses.

3. Astigmatism

Astigmatism is a problem of vision that affects every person, so that the limits of blurred objects can be seen, and can be easily identified, when similar letters are confused, such as H, M and N, for example. In addition, it is also common that with astigmatism, it is not possible to see straight lines correctly.

How to treat: The treatment for astigmatism is carried out with the use of lenses or contact lenses, which often must be adapted to the problems, as this problem is common in patients with myopia and hyperopia. A laser correction surgery can also be performed.

4. Presbytery

La Presbicia is the most common vision problem after 40 years of age, due to the natural aging of the eye that makes it difficult to focus on surrounding objects, causing the tendency to keep what is read at a greater distance, in order to obtain the reading of the small letters.

How to treat: The presbytery can be corrected through the use of reading lenses, which help to correct the image when it is necessary to closely observe or focus on the text of a book.

5. Strabismus

Strabismo is the lack of alignment between the eyes that mainly originates after 2 years of age, due to the uncoordinated movement of the muscles of each eye, causing double vision, headache and ocular deviation, as shown the image.

How to treat: The treatment of strabismus usually starts with the use of lenses or corrective lenses, however in some cases it may be necessary to use botulinum toxin or surgery to correct the strength of the muscles of each eye. Find out what are the treatment options for strabismus.

6. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a vision problem when there is an increase in pressure inside the eye, it is asymptomatic in most cases and rarely presents with intense pain in the eyes, blurred vision and irritation. Symptoms can appear from one moment to another or appear over time, depending on the type of glaucoma.

How to treat: The treatment depends on the type of glaucoma and therefore each case must be guided by an ophthalmologist. However, in most cases the treatment is carried out with the use of eye drops, laser or surgery.

7. Waterfalls

The cataracts are part of the natural aging of eyes and because it is the most common among elderly people, causing signs and symptoms such as the appearance of a white film in the eye, decreased vision and increased sensitivity to light, for example.

How to treat: Cataracts by general are treated through a surgery to remove the crystalline lens from the eye and replace it with an artificial lens.

In any problem of vision, it is recommended that the patient consults the ophthalmologist regularly, at least once a year to evaluate the evolution of the presbytery and to adapt the type of treatment if necessary.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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