The marihuana is obtained from a plant of scientific name cannabis sativa, which has several substances in its composition, including Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main chemical substance with hallucinogenic effects that drives the drug to be used recreationally.
In addition to THC, there are other cannabinoids present in marihuana such as cannabidiol (CBD), which has a hallucinogenic effect but according to several studies can provide different therapeutic effects.
There legal regulation Cannabis is different in each country or region, depending on whether it is for medical, scientific or exclusively recreational use. However, in some cases cannabidiol, which is a substance extracted from the marihuana plant, can be used for therapeutic purposes with specific authorization.
What are the benefits of the marihuana
In recent years, studies have demonstrated different therapeutic properties of some of the substances present in Marihuana, it is known that cannabidiol has been adopted as a pharmacological option in some countries. While not yet widely used, some of the components of marihuana have been shown to have different clinical uses, including:
- Pain treatment;
- Relief of nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy;
- Stimulating the appetite in patients with AIDS or cancer;
- Treatment of seizures in people with epilepsy;
- Treatment of muscle stiffness and neuropathic pain in people with multiple sclerosis;
- Analgesic in terminally ill patients with cancer;
- Obesity treatment;
- Treatment of anxiety and depression;
- Decreased intraocular pressure, useful in cases of glaucoma;
- Anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory activity.
There are some drugs with cannabidiol, also known as CBD, marketed in some countries, some are: Mevatyl, Epidiolex, Sativex, among others, and it is indicated for the treatment of muscle spasms in people with multiple sclerosis. In addition to this, there are also other medicines with this substance. See more about what CBD is for.
Watch the continuation video and discover the therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol, as well as its secondary effects:
Effects of the marihuana
The effects of the marihuana vary from one person to another, depending on the user’s experience, the amount used and the environment in which it is consumed, in addition to the drug’s potency. When the marihuana is smoked it can cause effects in a few minutes, such as: mild euphoria, alteration of the perception of time, of the space and of the senses of organization of the body, disorganization of the mental processes, upheavals of the memory, lack of attention and , in some cases, the person may feel more valued and with greater capacity to socialize.
In addition to this and simultaneously with the effects that lead a person to use the drug, it can cause other symptoms such as: motion sickness, problems with coordination and movement, feeling of heaviness in the arms and legs, dry mouth and throat, redness and irritation in eyes, increased heart rate and increased appetite.
Care to have with use
The consumption of marihuana presents many risks for health, being prohibited in some countries, however, many people continue to smoke this drug. In these cases, special attention should be paid to the following:
- Avoid mixing marihuana with alcohol or other drugs;
- Look for quiet places and avoid conflict situations;
- Avoid taking the drug when it is necessary to study, work or make important decisions;
- Avoid driving when marihuana is consumed, try to walk on foot or travel by public transport;
- If after or during consumption, the person feels depressed, sad or anxious, should avoid consuming again, so as not to worsen the situation;
- Be careful with people who use drugs, but you should avoid doing it alone.
In addition to this, if the person feels unwell during the consumption of marihuana, he should seek medical help as soon as possible.
Consequences of consumption
Some of the immediate and more common side effects associated with the consumption of marihuana are: increased heart rate, blood pressure and changes in brain flow. In addition to this, people who use marihuana regularly for some time may suffer memory disorders and decrease in the ability to process complex information, respiratory system disorders, due to the constant presence of humus in the lungs, and an increase in the risk of developing lung cancer.
It is important to mention that the marihuana, if used frequently, could become a risk factor for the development of severe depression, psychotic disorders and irreversible cognitive impairment, which could cause tolerance and psychic dependence.
Marihuana can be harmful when it is consumed at an early age, when its use is chronic and in case of intrauterine exposure during pregnancy to the drug.
Know more about the effects that the marihuana has in health in short and wide areas.
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