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Depression in adolescents: causes, symptoms and treatment

Depression in adolescents is a problem of mental health in which the person has feelings of sadness and worthlessness, constant irritability, memory failure and lack of self-esteem, causing emotional and even physical problems, affecting their personal, school and life Social.

The emergence of depression during this stage of life can be due to several factors such as hormonal changes or high levels of anxiety and stress, for example. For this reason, it is important that priests, teachers and nearby friends identify this problem in time to avoid serious consequences, such as drug abuse and suicide, due to lack of treatment.

Depression is cured, always and when the young person receives adequate medical and psychological treatment and family support.



main causes

Depression in adolescence can be triggered by different situations, such as drug and alcohol use, family history of depression, need for success and perfection. Similarly, the consequence of hormonal alterations and changes in the body could arise, such as the development of breasts and growth of pubic and corporal vellos.

The depressive state can appear during situations of stress, chronic illnesses, loss of a loved one or school failure, for example. Family problems such as lack of attention and affection, school harassment or rejection can also be other factors for the emergence of depression in adolescence.

Symptoms of depression in teenagers

The symptoms of depression that the teenager can present are:

  • Sadness;
  • Persistent tiredness;
  • Memory and concentration problems;
  • Mood swings;
  • Frequent call;
  • Lack of interest in daily activities;
  • Decreased appetite;
  • Loss of weight gain;
  • Insomnia.

In many cases, adolescents present exaggerated feelings of guilt that lead to suicidal or homicidal thoughts.



The diagnosis of depression can be made by means of the evaluation of the symptoms by a psychiatrist, psychologist or experienced doctor, who will be able to differentiate the symptoms manifested from situations such as stress, anxiety or dysthymia, for example. Know the main differences between sadness and depression.

How is the treatment performed?

The treatment of depression in adolescence is carried out with antidepressants prescribed by the doctor, such as sertraline, fluoxetine or amitriptyline, for example, which should be taken daily to help improve symptoms.

Likewise, psychotherapy sessions are important so that the treatment is complete, and that it helps teenagers to explore feelings or events that can be painful for them.

Family and friends support

It is important that the family and friends remain attentive to the symptoms of depression in order to offer help to the teenager. It is important that friends and family members understand the situation through which the teenager is going and not deal with it because he feels overprotected, as this could cause more anguish and concern for him.

It is recommended that you take simple actions that can demonstrate to the teenager the importance they have for these people, as well as carrying out activities that promote the feeling of well being. In addition, it is important that the family demonstrates that the teenager is integrated into the family and that he is important in decision-making, for example.

The practice of sports and cultural activities, psychological support and the support of priests are important to help young people recover from depression. Find out more about how to get out of depression.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of Salutio.org. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified with your trusted doctor, this being just a vehicle for basics about certain healthy behaviors, conscious food consumption and other notions. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance.

Disclaimer – (Portuguese version>) Este conteúdo foi elaborado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou pelo trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário de Salutio.org. Trata-se de um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É fortemente recomendado que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam cuidadosamente verificados com seu médico de confiança, sendo este apenas um veículo para noções básicas sobre determinados comportamentos saudáveis, consumo consciente de alimentos e outras noções. Nunca permitimos recomendação de medicamentos, bulas de remédios ou qualquer orientação medicamentosa.

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