The treatment for gynecomastia, which is the enlargement of the breasts in the men, can be carried out with the use of medication or surgery, but it must always be oriented to treat its cause. The aesthetic treatments with the use of devices to eliminate the grease and improve the firmness of the skin, can also be used, having to be carried out by a professional.
As breast growth is not a natural situation in men, it can cause psychological consequences, which require specialized attention. It is also important to receive support from friends and family, as well as to help support groups before and after the surgery, so that the man feels motivated to carry out the treatment and face the situation better.
One option to treat gynecomastia is to perform exercises that strengthen the pectorales and reduce weight, and when eliminating the localized fat, the size of the breast will also decrease. If gynecomastia occurs in adolescence, it is possible that there is no need to treat it, because the size of the breasts tends to disappear with time.
The main treatments used for gynecomastia are:
In gynecomastia caused by an imbalance between male and female hormones, drug treatment is the main option to try to regulate and stabilize hormones. An example of a drug for gynecomastia is Tamoxifen, but your doctor may also recommend Clomiphene or Cabergoline (Dostinex).
Reduction mammoplasty is a surgery that aims to reduce the size of the breasts in the men, and it is indicated when other treatments in the exercise do not take effect and the situation lasts for more than 2 years. The surgery lasts approximately an hour and a half, taking place under sedation and general anesthesia.
During the surgery, a cut is performed on the middle of the moon around the foot in order to eliminate the excess of breast tissue, which will be sent for analysis to rule out the possibility of breast cancer. In addition to this surgery, it is also possible for the doctor to suggest performing a liposuction to eliminate excess fat and correct sagging.
In the most severe cases of gynecomastia, in which the breast tissue in excess can make the breast is flaccid and the areola is large, a surgery is performed to restore the areola and eliminate the excess skin.
Recovery after surgery
The recovery after the surgery was fast, due to the fact that the person is high on the same day. When the problems with the surgery are rare, irregularities can occur on the breast surface and changes in the shape or position of the foot.
In the postoperative period of the surgery, the patient may present inflammation and changes in the sensitivity of the breasts. Generally, the inflammation lasts around 7 to 10 days and the lack of sensitivity in the area where it is transient can last up to 1 year.
After the surgery, the patient must use a chest compression strap every day for approximately 30 to 45 days to help improve skin adhesion, support the operated area and reduce post-operative risks, such as the emergence of a bleeding.
It is very important to avoid physical exertion in the first few weeks, as well as sun exposure in the first few months. The physical exercises are usually renewed 3 months after the surgery and always under the indication of the plastic surgeon.
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