Muscle pain: causes and what to take (tablets and medications)

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Muscle pain is a frequent symptom that can have several causes that can be related to work and/or sports activities that cause contractures and muscle discomfort. This symptom can appear during exercise or immediately after, and even appear 24 to 48 hours after physical activity, however, it can also be associated with diseases such as fibromyalgia.

Some ways to treat muscle pain include rest, stretching and massage. However, when it is frequent or increases in intensity, it may be necessary to use drugs prescribed by the doctor, such as Bencoprim.

The best way to avoid muscle pain is through prevention, for which it is recommended to perform physical activities regularly guided by a trainer, as well as stretching, in addition to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages and reducing consumption of sugar, for example.

1. Physical activity

The performance of physical activity is due to work or the practice of a sport, such as cycling or yoga, for example, is the main cause of muscle pain, being directly related to the intensity and type of exercise, as well as the time that is performed. That is why it is important to have the orientation of a professional trainer to guide the type of exercise according to the characteristics of each person.

Likewise, it is important to use the necessary protections in case of carrying out work or exercises of high risk or impact, such as the use of hooves, fajas and protections for the joints, since in this way complications such as abdominal hernias can be avoided, for example.

2. Stress or anxiety

Muscle pain caused by excessive stress and anxiety can generate tension in the muscles of the shoulders, back and back, causing stiffness or spasms that can make it difficult and even prevent the performance of daily activities.

Other symptoms that can be manifested in addition to pain in the muscles are headache, muscle weakness and sensation of tingling in the extremities, for example. Therefore, in case of experiencing long periods of stress and anxiety, it is recommended to consult a psychologist and general practitioner to guide relaxation techniques and, if necessary, medication to reduce the symptoms.

Find out more about stress and anxiety treatment.

3. Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a very common, chronic pain disorder that causes pain to appear in various parts of the body, which can last for months, eventually disabling the person to carry out their daily activities. The areas where pain is experienced with more frequency are the low back, el cuello, cadera and rodillas.

In addition, the pain becomes more intense on the tact, due to the increase in sensitivity to pain, so that the doctor can prescribe analgesic drugs, muscle relaxers, for example; in addition to exercises to relieve pain.

4. Osteomalacia

Osteomalacia is a disease that is characterized by fragile and brittle bones, due to a vitamin D deficiency, which can cause deformities in the bones and muscle problems, which also generate pain in several areas of the body. Therefore, the treatment of osteomalacia is carried out with calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D supplements

5. Circulatory problems

Some circulatory problems such as varices cause symptoms such as increased sensitivity in the area, swelling in the leg and feeling of heaviness, in addition to pain, which can be perceived as muscle pain when walking or staying at rest.

These can be caused by situations such as obesity, problems with circulation or embarrassment, and medication may be indicated to improve circulation or compression media, for example.

6. Sciatic nerve inflammation

Compression or inflammation of the sciatic nerve produces symptoms such as a sensation of punctures, intense burning pain in the back, buttocks or legs, making it difficult to maintain the spine straight and pain on the walk.

For that, the doctor can recommend analgesics and anti-inflammatories, in addition to exercises to help reduce the inflammation of this nerve. Learn more about the treatment of the sciatic nerve.

7. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism, which is the decrease in the production of thyroid hormones that are necessary for the correct functioning of the organism, can cause the emergence of symptoms such as excessive fatigue and pain in the joints and muscles, especially in the shoulders and shoulders, reaching to make it difficult to carry out daily activities, such as working and exercising.

8. Hemodialysis

Hemodialysis is a type of treatment that filters the blood when the kidneys do not work properly. Some of the symptoms that produce headaches, in addition to muscle soreness that can cause pain in the body due to the rapid extraction of fluid during the treatment, as a result of an electrolyte imbalance.

Find out more about how hemodialysis is performed

9. Infections by bacteria, viruses and parasites

Bacterial, viral and parasitic infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Cytomegalovirus or toxoplasma, for example, can cause the formation of an abscess in the muscle, weakening of the musculoskeletal system and alterations in the electrolytes that produce pain in various parts of the body, requiring proper evaluation and medical treatment.

10. Medicines

The use of some medications, drugs or substances such as alcohol, cocaine, colchicine, antimalarials, labetalol, salbutamol, cyclosporine and zidovudine, for example, can produce muscle pain when chronically used or due to interaction with other medications. That’s why it’s important to contact your doctor if you experience muscle pain while taking a medication so that a possible change in the dose of medication can be evaluated.

How is the treatment performed?

The treatment for muscular pain should be guided according to the degree of pain and possible cause, and it is recommended to consult an orthopedist, rheumatologist or general practitioner in case the pain is frequent and increases in intensity throughout the day, to that the diagnosis is carried out and the appropriate treatment begins.


Treatment with medication is normally prescribed by the orthopedist when the pain is intense and frequent, and may recommend the use of muscle relaxants such as Bencoprim, analgesics such as paracetamol and Dipirona, or anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, nimesulide and naproxen.

In addition, the doctor can also recommend the use of ointments, which should be applied on the painful area. The best ones are those that contain analgesics and anti-inflammatories such as Lonol, Voltaren or Cataflam.

The use of ointments must be guided by the doctor, which are usually recommended to apply 2 to 3 times a day if there are circular movements in the area. In case the pain does not give up with the use of ointments, it is recommended to go to a new doctor so that new exams are carried out and the cause of the pain is identified so that another type of treatment can be started.

home remedies

The natural treatment for muscle pain consists of taking a bath with hot water, which stimulates circulation and relieves pain, doing a massage with vinegar oil, stretching the sore muscle and remaining at rest.

It is important to move the muscle to prevent the formation of scars and progressive stiffness. The immobilization must be carried out when the doctor indicates it, which is normally indicated when the extension of the injury responsible for the pain is large.

Alternating the application of cold and hot compresses in the painful area can be another good option to relieve muscle pain, while also helping to reduce pain and local inflammation, the hot compress helps to relax the muscle. Learn more about when to use cold and hot compresses.

In addition, the relief of muscle pain can be achieved through a self-massage with a rigid foam roller, which can be purchased at stores of sports products, rehabilitation or online. To perform the self-massage, place the roller in the painful area and use the foot of the body. The effects that this one produces are quickly perceived.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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