Surgery for gastroesophageal reflux: how it is performed and recovery

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Surgery for gastroesophageal reflux is indicated when treatment with medications and changes in food have not given the expected result, and complications such as ulcers or Barrett’s esophagus development, for example. Furthermore, its indication also depends on the time that the person presents the reflux, on its intensity and on the frequency of the symptoms.

This surgery is performed under general anesthesia and through small incisions in the abdomen, and the complete recovery takes about 2 months, requiring a liquid-based diet in the first few weeks, which can lead to a slight weight loss.

Find out about the treatment options for reflux before surgery.

How is the surgery performed?

Surgery for reflux usually serves to correct hiatal hernia, which is the main cause of the origin of esophageal reflux, so the doctor needs to make small incisions in the region between the stomach and the esophagus for its correction.

Generally, the technique used is laparoscopy under general anesthesia, in which thin tubes are introduced through the incisions and the doctor will be able to observe the interior of the area and perform the surgery through a camera placed at the point of the tubes .

When is surgery indicated

Surgery for reflux is indicated, when the treatment with drugs and diets has not given results, but it can also depend on the time in which the patient presents the reflux, intensity, frequency of the symptoms and the patient’s disposition to be operated on to resolve the problem.

How is the recovery

The recovery from the reflux surgery is fast, with little pain and little risk of infection and in general the patient receives discharge one day after the surgery and can return to work after 1 or 2 weeks.

However, for a faster recovery, we recommend:

  • avoid driving for at least 10 days;
  • Avoid having intimate contact in the first 2 weeks;
  • do not lift weight and perform physical activity after 1 month or when the doctor indicates;
  • Take small walks at home in the course of the day, avoid sitting or sitting on the side for too long.

In addition to this, it is recommended to attend the hospital or the medical center to treat the heridases of the surgery. In the first 2 days, it is important to take a bath using a sponge to avoid wetting the dressings of the heridas, and to avoid the risk of infection.

During recovery, the doctor may also recommend the use of antibiotics, anti-inflammatories or analgesics to reduce ailments.

What to eat after surgery

Debido al dolor is difficult to swallow, it is advisable to follow this type of scheme:

  • Feed only with liquids during the 1st week, it can be extended until the 2nd week, according to the patient’s tolerance;
  • Switch to a bland diet from the 2nd or 3rd weekwith the ingestion of well-cooked foods, puree, ground meat, fish and lean chicken;
  • Gradually start a normal diet, agreement with patient tolerance and medical recommendation;
  • Avoid carbonated drinks during the first few months, such as soft drinks and carbonated water;
  • Avoid foods that produce gas in the intestine, such as frijoles, repollo, huevo, guisantes, maize, broccoli, onion, cucumber, turnip, melon, sandia and avocado;
  • Eat and Drink Slowlyto avoid indigestion and pain in the abdomen.

The sensation of pain and full stomach can lead to weight loss, due to the reduction of the amount of food ingested. In addition to this, it is also common to experience hypo and excessive gas, and it may be necessary to take drugs such as Luftal, to reduce these symptoms.

Know what is the diet after bariatric surgery and how to have a bland diet.

possible complications

The surgery for reflux is quite safe, especially when it is performed by laparoscopy, however, there is always risk that complications such as bleeding, thrombosis in the lower limbs, infection at the site of the incision or trauma to the organs close to the stomach. In addition to this, complications related to anesthesia can also arise.

Depending on the severity, these complications may lead to the need to perform a new conventional surgery, where the doctor makes a larger incision in the abdomen that was caused by laparoscopy.

Warning signs to go to the doctor

In addition to your cita control, you should seek medical attention if you have:

  • Fever above 38ºC;
  • Intense pain, reddening, bleeding or pus in the heridas;
  • frequent nausea and vomiting;
  • Tiredness and lack of frequent air;
  • Abdominal pain and persistent swelling.

These symptoms can indicate complications from the surgery, so you need to go to the emergency room to treat and prevent major complications.

To avoid the surgery, see how the diet should be to treat the reflux and the main home remedies used for this illness.

Verified by RJ9823 – Public Utility – cc2.0

Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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