Renal cysts are a kind of bag that contains liquid inside, and it can be simple or appear as a polycystic renal disease.
For the general reason, when children in the country produce symptoms and do not represent a health risk for the person, because some people can spend several years without knowing that they have it, being diagnosed in a routine exam, such as an ultrasound or tomography computerized, for example.
However, when the cysts are more complex, large and numerous, they can cause the presence of bleeding in the orina and pain in the lower back, for example. In these cases, the nephrologist can indicate the aspiration of the cyst or its removal through a surgery.
signs and symptoms
When renal cyst is small, it usually does not produce symptoms. However, in the case of larger or complex cysts, some clinical changes can be observed, such as:
- Pain in the back;
- Presence of blood in the orine;
- Increase in blood pressure;
- Frequent urinary infections.
Simple renal cysts are usually benign and the person can live the rest of their life without knowing that they are due to the absence of symptoms, being diagnosed in routine exams.
The signs and symptoms of renal cysts can also indicate other situations that can compromise the kidney. Realize the test a continuation and know if you have some alteration in los riñones:
The causes of the appearance of simple cysts in the kidneys in the very clear; However, it is believed that injuries or blocks in the internal ducts of the kidney can cause the appearance of cysts. In the case of polycystic renal disease, it arises from hereditary factors.
Classification of cysts
Renal cyst can be classified according to size and content in its interior in:
- Bosniak Iit is a simple and benign cyst, usually small;
- Bosniak IIalso benign, however, it presents some septa and calcifications in its interior;
- Bosniak IIFcharacterized by the increase in the presence of septa larger than 3 cm;
- Bosniak III, it is a bigger cyst, it has heavy walls, several septa and dense material inside;
- Bosniak IVhave symptoms of cancerous features, so they need to be removed when diagnosed.
The classification is carried out according to the results of the computerized tomography, by means of which the nephrologist can indicate the best treatment for each case.
Learn more about how to prepare for a computerized tomography.
polycystic kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disease is a very common hereditary condition where multiple cysts appear progressively in the kidneys, the numbers of which increase in number and in size with the passage of years.
This disease is characterized by an increase in the size of the kidneys and the emergence of multiple cysts containing serous fluid in their interior, which as the disease develops can cause symptoms such as urination with blood, pain in the area of the kidneys and arterial hypertension.
The diagnosis of polycystic renal disease is carried out through the evaluation by the physician of the family history of the person and the signs and symptoms presented; similar, an ultrasound or tomography is also requested to observe if there is the presence of cystic lesions in the kidneys and to evaluate if there has been an increase in the size of the kidneys.
The treatment of this condition must be indicated by the doctor and will be directed to control the symptoms and prevent the progression of the illness; asimism, the performance of renal transplantation is also an option for people with polycystic renal disease.
Thus, if this condition is not treated, it can generate complications such as renal infections, arterial hypertension, heart valve defects, colonic diverticula, liver cysts, inguinal hernias and cerebral aneurysms, in addition to chronic renal failure.
How is the treatment performed?
The treatment of renal cyst is performed according to the size and severity of the cyst, in addition to the symptoms manifested by the patient. In the case of simple cysts, periodic monitoring by a specialist may be sufficient to verify whether there has been growth or other symptoms have appeared.
In cases of large cysts that produce symptoms, the nephrologist may recommend removal or evacuation of the cyst by means of a surgical intervention called sclerotherapy, in addition to the use of drugs to relieve pain and antibiotics that are normally indicated after surgery.
Can renal cysts be cancer?
Renal cyst is not indicative of cancer and may not cause cancer. Sometimes renal cancer is misdiagnosed and can be confused with a complex renal cyst. However, studies such as computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging can help to differentiate a renal cyst from a renal cancer, as they are associated with different diseases.
Kidney cyst in babies
Renal cyst in the baby can be a normal situation when it appears alone. However, in the event that more renal cysts are observed in the baby, you can indicate a polycystic renal disease, which is a genetic disease that must be followed up by a nephrologist to avoid possible complications. In some cases, this disease can be diagnosed during embarrassment by means of an ultrasound.
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