Dumping Syndrome: What is it, symptoms and treatment

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The Dumping Syndrome, also called rapid gastric evacuation syndrome, occurs due to rapid passage of food from the stomach to the small intestine before the food is completely digested or when digestion is taking place, which can take place after 20 minutes or 1 hour after eating.

This syndrome may be a complication in the postoperative period of a bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass or gastric sleeve, but it can also occur in diabetic people or with Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, for example.

To alleviate the symptoms of the dumping syndrome, it is essential to avoid the consumption of fast-absorbing carbohydrates, such as: sugar, processed foods rich in sugar and grease, soft drinks, caramels, pan blanco, pasta, among others. In some situations, the doctor may consider the ingestion of medications that delay the gastric emptying or the performance of a surgery to solve the problem.

main symptoms

The symptoms that may arise in the dumping syndrome can be immediately after eating or can be late, these are:

1. Immediate symptoms

The most common symptoms of Dumping Syndrome appear immediately after food intake or 10 to 20 minutes afterward, including: feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, nausea and vomiting. Continuing, other symptoms could appear such as swelling and abdominal pain, gas, cramps and diarrhea.

Generally, foods rich in sugar, such as sweets or the ingestion of high amounts of food, cause the symptoms to develop more quickly.

2. Late symptoms

Late symptoms of Dumping Syndrome that can appear 1 to 3 hours after eating:

These late symptoms occur because the small intestine does not tolerate the presence of sugar, causing the release of large amounts of insulin, causing hypoglycemia.

In these cases, the patient must stop the activity he is performing, sit or lie down and immediately treat hypoglycemia to prevent fainting. Know what to do and how to treat hypoglycemia.

Treatment for Dumping Syndrome

The treatment for Dumping Syndrome begins with the adjustment of the patient’s diet by a nutritionist to reduce the discomfort caused, because it is important to reduce the consumption of simple sugars, sweets, refreshments and foods that contain it, ya that, although it is easily absorbed, its intake could cause the emergence of this syndrome.

However, it could also be necessary to use medication that delays the passage of food from the stomach to the intestine, reducing the spikes in glucose and insulin after food, this will prevent the signs and symptoms associated with this from appearing. condition.

In more severe cases, when the symptoms are not controlled with diet or medication, an esophageal surgery may be necessary to strengthen the heart, which is the muscle between the esophagus and the first part of the intestine. In these cases, in the postoperative period of the surgery the person could need to be fed by a tube inserted in the abdomen until the intestine called yeyunostomia. Find out more about this type of nutrition.

When to go to the doctor

It is important that the person goes to the doctor when:

  • There are signs and symptoms of Dumping Syndrome and no bariatric surgery has been performed;

  • Presents permanent symptoms even following the indications of both the gastroenterologist and the nutritionist;

  • Presents rapid weight loss.

Know more about what is bariatric surgery and what are the types.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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