Hair graft: how it is performed and when it is indicated

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The hair transplant is a surgical procedure that aims to fill the area without hair with hair of the same person, sea of ​​the back of the neck, pecho or back. This procedure is normally indicated in cases of baldness, but it can also be used in cases of hair loss due to accidents or burns, for example. Know what can cause hair loss.

In addition to treating the lack of hair in the hair, the transplant can also be placed to correct the lack of hair or beard.

The transplant is a simple procedure, performed under local anesthesia or sedation, which guarantees long-lasting and satisfactory results. The price depends on the area to be filled and the technique to be used, and can be performed on a consecutive day, when the area is more extensive.

How the procedure is carried out

Hair transplantation can be carried out using two techniques, FUE or FUT:

  • FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction, It is a technique that consists in removing the follicles one by one with the help of a surgical equipment, and also implanting them one by one directly in the hairy body, for example, being ideal to treat small regions without hair. This technique can also be performed by a robot operated by a professional with experience, which is the most expensive procedure. However, the recovery is faster, the scars are less visible and the hair covers them easily.
  • FUT or Follicular Unit Transplantation, This is the most suitable technique to treat more extensive areas and consists of removing a band from the hairy scalp, usually from the back of the neck, in which follicular units are selected that will be placed on the scalp in small orifices that are carried out in the receptor area of ​​the hair. transplant. Despite being a little cheaper and quicker, this technique leaves a scar a little more visible and the rest time is more extensive, being allowed to carry out new physical activities only after 10 months of the procedure.

Both techniques are very efficient and guarantee satisfactory results, being the responsibility of the doctor together with the patient to decide the most appropriate technique depending on the case.

Normally, the hair transplant is performed by a dermatological surgeon, under local anesthesia and light sedation, and it can last between 3 and 12 hours, depending on the size of the area that will receive the transplant and, in the case of very extensive areas, transplantation is carried out on two consecutive days.

Preparation for the transplant

Before the transplant, the doctor must request a series of tests to assess the general health of the person, such as a chest X-ray, blood count, echocardiogram and coagulation tests, which is carried out to check the blood clotting capacity and, in this way, check the risks of hemorrhage.

In addition, it is recommended to avoid smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages and caffeine, cutting the hair and using anti-inflammatories, such as Ibuprofen or Aspirin, for example. It is also recommended to protect the hairy skin to prevent burns, and to wash the hair well.

How is the postoperative

After the transplant, it is normal for the person to have no sensitivity in the area where the follicular units were removed and in the area where the transplant was performed. For this reason, the doctor, in addition to prescribing medication to relieve pain, can also advise the person to avoid exposing the transplanted area to the sun to avoid burns.

It is also advisable to wash the head at least 3 to 4 times a day after the surgery and after washing it during the first two weeks of the postoperative period, using a specific shampoo according to the doctor’s recommendation.

If the transplant was performed using the FUE technique, the person can return to routine, including exercising, 10 days after the transplant, avoiding activities that imply too much pressure on the head. On the other hand, if the technique used was FUT, it may be necessary that the person is at rest without carrying out strenuous activities for around 10 months.

The risk of hair transplantation is the same as any other surgical procedure, as there may be a greater risk of infections, rejection or hemorrhage. However, when carried out by a qualified and experienced professional, the risks are smaller.

When is hair transplant indicated?

Hair transplantation is normally indicated in case of baldness, however, it can also be indicated in other cases, such as:

  • alopecia, that is the sudden and progressive loss of hair from any part of the body. Know more about alopecia, causes and how the treatment is carried out;
  • Persons who used medicines for hair growth during a year and no results were obtained;
  • hair loss for burns or accidents;
  • Hair loss due to surgical procedures.

Hair loss is caused by a set of factors, which could be due to aging, hormonal or genetic changes. The transplant only is indicated by the doctor if the person poses a good hair care in the potentially donor area and good health conditions.

Difference between hair transplant and hair transplant

The hair implant is usually used as a synonym for hair transplant, however, the word implant generally refers to the placement of artificial hair hebras, which can cause rejection and be necessary to carry out the procedure again.

For this reason, hair implants always refer to the same hair transplant procedure: placement of hair from the same person in a region where there is no hair. As with artificial hebras, the transplant between two people can also cause rejection, as this is not an indicated procedure.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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