Pancreas diseases: symptoms and how to treat them

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The pancreas is a small gland that is located behind the stomach and is responsible for the production of some important hormones and enzymes that participate in the digestive process. Therefore, the pancreas is important for the good functioning of the organism.

However, due to some situations such as unhealthy lifestyle habits, obstruction of the bile ducts, for example, this organ can suffer alterations in its functioning, resulting in diseases that can have serious consequences for the person if it is not identified and treated. quickly.

Know more about the functioning of the pancreas and its functions.

Symptoms of pancreas problems

The main signs and symptoms that can lead a person to think that there is a problem in the pancreas include:

  1. Constant pain in the abdomen;

  2. Yellow skin and eyes (jaundice);

  3. Orina dark;

  4. Feeling of bad digestion after meals;

  5. Frequent pain in the back, which is not related to the posture;

  6. Constant sensation of swollen abdomen;

  7. Frequent nausea and vomiting.

These symptoms are common in people with some type of problem in the pancreas can also arise due to changes in the liver or gallbladder, for example, and because they must be evaluated by a gastroenterologist or hepatologist.

The most common type of problems in the pancreas is in the pancreatitis, these symptoms do not indicate a suspicion of cancer, if there are any cases in the family, it is important to consult a gastroenterologist.

Some tests that can be used to identify the type of problem in the pancreas include abdominal ultrasound, computerized tomography and some blood tests.

main illnesses

The main diseases that are related to the pancreas include:

1. Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that can occur due to excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, obstruction of the bile ducts or cystic fibrosis, in which the digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas are activated before reaching the intestine, causing inflammation in the intestine. organ.

According to the severity and evolution of inflammation, pancreatitis can be classified as:

  • acute pancreatitisthe symptoms appear suddenly but they can be easily controlled when the treatment is started quickly and followed by following the medical advice;
  • chronic pancreatitisthe symptoms appear throughout the years and can be the result of the constant consumption of alcoholic beverages or of the evolution of the acute pancreatitis.

Main symptoms: Inflammation in the pancreas can be noticed by means of some symptoms such as pain in the upper region of the abdomen and can radiate to the back, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, swelling, weight loss without an apparent cause, fever and presence of heces yellowish and greasy. Know other symptoms of pancreatitis.

How to treat: The treatment must be carried out according to medical recommendation and depends on the severity of the symptoms. In the case of acute pancreatitis, it is important that the treatment be started as quickly as possible to prevent the progression to chronic pancreatitis, for example.

Generally, the treatment is carried out in a hospital manner, so that the person remains constantly monitored, with control of diet, hydration and the use of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Dipirona and Ibuprofen. In case of risk of infection, the doctor may recommend the use of antibiotics.

In case of chronic pancreatitis, the treatment is carried out with the objective of avoiding complications, being normally indicated by the doctor for the supplementation of pancreatic enzymes and with the use of analgesic drugs, such as Dipirona or Acetaminofén.

2. Cancer of the pancreas

Pancreatic cancer is a type of tumor that has a high possibility of metastasis and that seriously compromises the life of people, but is usually only identified in more advanced stages. This type of cancer is more frequent in people between 60 and 70 years, but it can also occur in people with family history who have suffered from pancreatitis, people who constantly consume alcoholic beverages, smoke and consume very greasy foods.

Main symptoms: The symptoms of pancreas cancer usually arise when the illness is more advanced, it can lead to dark urine, white spots or grease, yellow skin and eyes (jaundice), abdominal pain, lack of appetite, weight loss, nausea, frequent and vomiting.

If the symptoms do not disappear within 1 week, it is important to see a doctor or a gastroenterologist, so that tests are carried out that can conclude the diagnosis of pancreas cancer and then start the treatment immediately.

How to treat: The treatment for pancreas cancer aims to prevent metastasis and improve the person’s quality of life because it is an incurable disease. The treatment established by the doctor is usually surgery, followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In addition, it is important that you adopt healthier lifestyle habits and be accompanied by a doctor regularly.

3. Pancreatic insufficiency

Pancreatic insufficiency is characterized by the reduction, which is entirely due to the production of enzymes by the pancreas, and can be caused by chronic alcoholism, smoking, genetic diseases and surgeries.

Main symptoms: The symptoms of pancreatic insufficiency usually appear in more advanced stages of the illness, when the concentration of enzymes is very low. The main symptoms are poor digestion, abdominal pain, having an acceptable appearance, weight loss and diarrhea. In addition, there may be anemia and malnutrition due to the loss of nutrients and alteration in the digestion process due to the lack of enzymes.

How to treat: The treatment of pancreatic insufficiency is mainly carried out with enzymatic replacement, helping the body to absorb nutrients and prevent malnutrition and anemia. In addition, the use of vitamin, mineral and medication supplements may be recommended to relieve the pain.

4. Diabetes

Diabetes is characterized by an increase in the concentration of glucose in the blood due to a dysfunction in the pancreas, which stops producing amounts of insulin, which is the hormone responsible for the decrease in glucose levels.

Main symptoms: The symptoms of diabetes include increased urination, increased thirst and appetite, weight loss with no apparent cause, much sweat and fatigue, sudden mood change and greater possibility of acquiring infections.

how to treat: The treatment for diabetes is mainly carried out with the control of food, physical activities and the endocrinologist can recommend the use of some drugs that can reduce the concentration of sugar in the blood such as Metformin and insulin, for example, and how to control the symptoms of diabetes and improve the quality of life.

See how the diet should be for a person with diabetes in the video below:

How to avoid pancreas problems

Pancreas diseases can be avoided by adopting healthy habits, such as: not abusing the consumption of alcoholic beverages and/or smoking; practicing physical activities on a regular basis y; carrying out a healthy and balanced diet.

Furthermore, it is important to have control over glucose levels in the urinary tract and in the blood, as well as blood pressure, as they are risk factors that can cause pancreatitis.

In case of any alteration in the organism or any symptom that could represent problems in the pancreas, it is important to see the doctor so that the diagnosis is carried out and the most appropriate treatment begins.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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