Bleeding in the ear can be caused by a rupture of the eardrum, infection in the ear, barotrauma, head injury or by the presence of an object that has been trapped in the ear.
Bleeding can come from the external part, the media or the internal part of the ear, depending on what the problem is, and it can be associated with other symptoms such as seas, hearing loss or fever, for example.
For this reason, the ideal in these cases is to immediately go to the general practitioner or otolaryngologist to carry out an evaluation, determine the cause and indicate the most appropriate treatment, thus avoiding possible complications.
The main causes of bleeding in the ear are:
1. Eardrum perforation
The perforation of the tympanum can cause symptoms such as bleeding in the ear, pain and discomfort in the place, loss of hearing, tinnitus and dizziness, which can be accompanied by nausea or vomiting. Learn more about the symptoms of a perforated eardrum.
what to do: generally, the perforaciones of the tympanum regenerate after a few weeks, during this time it is necessary to protect the ear with a cotton or a suitable tap when it is in contact with the water. The doctor can also recommend the use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories.
2. Otitis media
An otitis media is an inflammation of the ear, which usually results from an infection and can cause symptoms such as pressure or pain in the place, fever, problems with balance and fluid secretion.
what to do: the treatment depends on the causative agent of otitis, but it is usually carried out with analgesics and anti-inflammatories, and when it is necessary the doctor can prescribe an antibiotic.
Barotrauma of the ear is characterized by a great difference in pressure between the outer region of the ear canal and the inner region, which can happen when sudden changes in altitude occur, such as traveling by plane or mouth, for example, which can cause injuries in the eardrum.
what to do: Generally the treatment consists of the administration of analgesics and in more severe cases it may be necessary to resort to a surgical correction.
4. Object clogged in the ground
Bleeding resulting from objects that become clogged in the noise generally occurs in children, and can be dangerous if not detected in time.
What to do: avoid dropping small objects within reach of children. In the event that an object becomes stunned in the wet, the ideal is to immediately go to the otorhinolaryngologist to have the object removed with the appropriate medical instruments.
5. Injury to the head
In some cases, an injury to the head caused by a fall, accidental blow, can cause the appearance of bleeding in the cerebro, which could be a sign of bleeding around the brain. See more about a traumatic brain injury.
what to do: in these cases, you must immediately go to the medical emergency, so that diagnostic tests can be carried out and serious brain damage can be avoided.
6. Cancer in the South
Despite being a very rare situation, cancer can be a cause of bleeding in the ear, the main types are: squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and basal cell carcinoma, which can produce pain in the ear. , discharge of pus and/or blood, in addition to inflamed lymph nodes in the skin, in advanced cases.
These types of cancer can develop due to prolonged sun exposure and chronic ear infections, which can be caused by lack of diagnosis, inadequate treatment, antibiotic resistance or poor follow-up of medical guidelines.
what to do: in case of symptoms such as discharge of pus or bleeding and intense pain, you should consult an otorhinolaryngologist to carry out a deep evaluation of the auditory canal and request the necessary precautions to rule out or confirm a possible cancer and start the appropriate treatment.
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