8 Routine gynecological exams

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The gynecological exams requested by the doctor annually, have the objective of guaranteeing the well being and health of the woman and diagnosing or treating some diseases, such as endometriosis, HPV, abnormal vaginal secretion or bleeding during the menstrual period.

It is recommended to see a gynecologist at least once a year, especially after the first menstruation, even if there are no symptoms, because there are gynecological diseases that can be asymptomatic, especially in the initial phase, if they are diagnosed early. can save lives.

By means of certain exams, the gynecologist can evaluate the pelvic region of the woman, such as ovaries, uterus and sinuses, being able to detect some diseases early. Some examples of exams that can be requested in the gynecological routine are:

1. Pelvic ultrasound

Pelvic ultrasound is an imaging exam that allows you to observe the ovaries and uterus, helping to detect certain diseases early, such as polycystic ovaries, enlarged uterus, endometriosis, vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, ectopic embarrassment and infertility, for example.

This exam is carried out by placing a transducer on the abdomen or inside the vagina (transvaginal ultrasound), which allows you to see clear and detailed images of the female reproductive system. Know what is the ultrasound or transvaginal ultrasound and when it is indicated.

2. Pap smear

The pap smear is performed using a scraping inside the uterus with a cotton swab, to remove a small sample of cells that can be analyzed in the laboratory, making it possible to identify infections and vaginal alterations or in the uterus, which could be indicative of cancer. The exam in the duel, but it can be uncomfortable when the doctor performs the scraping of the uterine cells.

The exam must be carried out at least once a year and is recommended for all women who have started their sexual life, which is what a 21-year-old may have. See how to understand the results of the Pap smear.

3. Screening for infections

The screening of infections is carried out through a blood test, and aims to identify infectious diseases that can be sexually transmitted, such as the case of herpes, HIV, syphilis, chlamydia and gonorrhea, for example.

This infectious screening can be carried out by means of a blood analysis or a microbiological analysis of urine or vaginal secretion, which, in addition to indicating whether there is an infection or no, indicates which microorganism is responsible and the best treatment.

4. Colposcopy

Colposcopy allows direct observation of the uterus and other genital structures, such as the vulva and vagina, being able to identify benign cellular alterations, tumors and signs of infection or inflammation.

Colposcopy is usually requested by the gynecologist in a routine exam, but it is also indicated when the Pap smear has abnormal results. This exam is not due to, but it can cause a slight discomfort, usually burning when the doctor applies a substance to visualize possible alterations in the uterus, vagina or vulva. Find out how colposcopy is performed.

5. Hysterosalpingography

Hysterosalpingography is an X-ray examination in which contrast is used, which allows the observation of the uterine body and the fallopian tubes, identifying possible causes of infertility, apart from salpingitis, which is the inflammation of the uterine tubes.

This exam in the duele, but it can generate discomfort, for this reason, the doctor can recommend analgesics or anti-inflammatories before and after the exam. Find out how hysterosalpingography is performed.

6. Magnetic resonance

The magnetic resonance allows observing with good resolution the images of the genital structures for the detection of malignant alterations, such as fibroids and cancer of the uterus and vagina. Similarly, it is also used to monitor the changes that may arise in the female reproductive system to verify whether or not it responds to the treatment, or whether it is necessary to carry out the surgery.

This is an exam that does not use radiation or contrast in the vein. Know what the magnetic resonance is used for and how it is performed.

7. Diagnostic laparoscopy

Diagnostic laparoscopy or videolaparoscopy is an exam that, through the use of a thin tube with light, allows the visualization of the reproductive organs inside the abdomen, allowing the identification of endometriosis, ectopic embarrassment, pelvic pain or the causes of infertility, for example.

Despite that this exam is considered the best technique to diagnose endometriosis, it is not the first option, because it is an invasive technique that requires general anesthesia, being the most recommended to perform vaginal ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging. Find out how diagnostic and surgical laparoscopy is performed.

8. Breast ultrasound

Generally, the breast ultrasound examination, also known as breast ultrasound, is performed after feeling a ball during breast palpation or if the mammography is not conclusive, especially for women with large breasts and a history of breast cancer. in the family.

The ultrasound should not be confused with mammography, it should not replace this exam, as it is the only one capable of complementing the mammary evaluation. While this exam can also identify nodules that indicate breast cancer, mammography is the most indicated exam to be performed on women with cancer screening in the area.

To perform the examination, the woman must remain seated in a camilla, without a blouse or support, so that the doctor can apply a gel on the breasts and use the device, simultaneously observing on the computer screen if there are any changes.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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