The treatment for impetigo is carried out under the guidance of the doctor, which requires the application of an antibiotic ointment 3 to 4 times a day, for 5 to 7 days, directly in the herida until the symptoms disappear. It is important that the treatment starts as quickly as possible to prevent the bacteria from reaching deeper regions of the skin, causing complications and making treatment difficult.
Impétigo is more frequent among children and is contagious, so it is recommended that the child or the infected person, do not attend school or work until there is un control of the illness. During the treatment it is important to separate clothes, towels, soaps and personal use objects, to avoid the spread of the illness to other people.
When the person presents small heridas with ribs in the skin, they can be eliminated with water and jabón, which is usually enough. However, when the heridas are large, more than 5 mm in diameter, you should not remove the back, but put the ointment or lotion prescribed by the doctor.
Medicines for Impetigo
To treat impetigo, the doctor usually recommends the use of antibiotic ointments, such as: Neomycin, Mupirocin, Gentamicin, Retapamulin, Bacitracin, Fusidic Acid or Nebacetin. However, the constant or frequent use of these ointments can lead to bacterial resistance, which is why they are not indicated for more than 8 days or frequently.
Some other medicines for impetigo that may be recommended by the doctor are:
- antiseptic lotionsuch as Merthiolate, for example, to eliminate other microorganisms that may be present and cause complications;
- Amoxicillin and clavulanic acidwhich can be used in babies and children, when there are many injuries or signs of complications;
- antibiotics in pills, such as Erythromycin or Cephalexin, when there are many lesions in the skin.
Asimismo, the doctor can recommend the application of saline serum to soften the heridas, increasing the effectiveness of the ointment. The treatment can be carried out during 7 or 10 days, having to maintain it during the period indicated by the doctor, asílas heridas en la skin hayan disappeared before completing it.
Signs of improvement and empowerment
The signs of improvement begin to appear between 3 to 4 days after the beginning of the treatment, with the reduction of the size of the heridas. After 2 or 3 days from the start of treatment, the person can return to school or work because the illness cannot be transmitted.
The signs that can indicate that the impétigo is getting worse if it appears when the treatment is not started or is carried out correctly, the first sign can be the appearance of new heridas in the skin. In this case, the doctor may request an antibiogram to identify the bacteria causing the infection and thus be able to indicate the most appropriate antibiotic.
Complications due to impetigo are rare and affect more people who have a compromised immune system, such as people undergoing treatment against AIDS or cancer, or people with autoimmune diseases. In these situations, there may be an increase in skin lesions, cellulitis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, pneumonia, glomerulonephritis or septicemia.
Some signs that indicate that there may be complications, son orina dark, absence of urine, fever and escalofríos, for example.
Qué hacer para no tener impetigo de nuevo
To avoid having impetigo again, you must follow the treatment indicated by the doctor until the heridases are completely cured. Sometimes, the bacteria are stored inside the nose for long periods of time and if the child puts his finger inside the nose to remove some dirt out of habit, his nails can injure the skin and the proliferation of these bacteria can happen again .
It is also important to avoid covering the heridases of the skin with too much clothing, because they do not allow the skin to breathe, wash the nose daily with saline daily and keep the nails cut, clean and filed to prevent injuries from occurring. la skin al rascarse las heridas and que these are infected.
The treatment must be carried out for the period indicated by the doctor, this will allow to fight the bacteria that are found there and to avoid the recurrent impetigo. Know more about the transmission of impetigo.
Care to prevent contagion from the disease to others
To avoid transmitting impétigo, it is recommended that the person washes himself/herself with water and soap several times a day. Likewise, you must avoid direct contact with other people and share plates, vases, covers or personal objects. In the case of the priests, it is important that I treat the children’s heridas, if they wash very well, this will prevent them from becoming infected with the disease.
While food should not be special, but if it is important to drink more water or liquids such as natural fruit juices or tea, this will speed up recovery and prevent skin resequence, which could worsen injuries.
It is important to bathe daily and apply the medicines in all the heridases. Asimismo, the towels to clean the face, the hands and the body, the Saturdays and the clothes, wash separately from the rest of the family, with hot water and soap to not spread the disease.
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