Mitral prolapse: what is it, main symptoms and treatment

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Mitral valve prolapse, also known as mitral prolapse, is a valvulopathy that is characterized because the valves of this valve “flatten” and are not closed properly. This condition can only be asymptomatic, being diagnosed in a routine cardiac exam, so it does not generate complications. It is important to mention that the mitral valve is a port that is responsible for ensuring that the blood flows in a single direction, from the atrium to the ventricle, on the right side of the heart.

In some cases, this condition can cause pain in the pecho, fatigue after performing an exercise, lack of air and alteration of the heart barks; It can also cause symptoms of heart failure, such as dysnea and edema, for example. Before the appearance of any symptom, it is important to consult a cardiologist to carry out an evaluation, identify the problem and indicate the most appropriate treatment, if necessary.

main symptoms

Mitral valve prolapse if it is asymptomatic, however, some symptoms can arise, such as:

  • Pain in the heart, which is not caused by coronary artery disease or heart attack;
  • Tiredness after efforts;
  • lack of air;
  • Mareos and faintings;
  • Rapid heart barking;
  • Difficulty breathing in the berthed position;
  • Sensation of numbness in limbs;
  • Panic and Anxiety;
  • Palpitations, it being possible to feel the abnormal heart barks.

The symptoms of mitral valve prolapse, when it can develop slowly, for this reason, when any alteration is felt, it is recommended to see a cardiologist so that exams are carried out to conclude the diagnosis and start the treatment.

diagnosis of prolapse

The diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse is performed by the cardiologist, based on the analysis of the patient’s clinical history, symptoms presented and examinations, such as echo and electrocardiogram, auscultation of the heart, chest X-ray and magnetic resonance of the heart.

These exams are carried out with the purpose of evaluating the movements of contraction and relaxation of the heart, as well as its structure. In addition, it is through the auscultation of the heart that the doctor listens to the midsystolic click and the sound after the click, which is characteristic of mitral valve prolapse, concluding the diagnosis.

How is the treatment performed?

Normally, mitral valve prolapse does not require treatment, as there are no symptoms, but in the most severe cases it is symptomatic, the cardiologist may recommend the use of certain medications, such as antiarrhythmics, diuretics, beta-blockers or anticoagulants.

In addition to medications, it may be necessary in some cases to perform surgery to repair or replace the mitral valve.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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