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Osteomalacia: what it is, causes, symptoms and treatment

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Osteomalacia is an adult bone disease, characterized by fragile and brittle bones, which is usually caused by a vitamin D deficiency. bone demineralization.

Osteomalacia can be asymptomatic or cause symptoms such as pain in the bones or small fractures.

Whenever there is a suspicion of osteomalacia, it is very important to consult a general practitioner or a rheumatologist, to confirm the diagnosis and carry out the appropriate treatment, which may include a specific diet plan, medication indication and sun exposure recommendation.



main symptoms

Osteomalacia is often asymptomatic and that is why it is discovered when a fracture occurs. However, there are some cases where the person can feel a slight pain in the huesos, especially in the region of the chair, which can make movement difficult.

On rare occasions, this disease can also cause skeletal deformities, especially if it is treated very late.

possible causes

The most common cause of osteomalacia is vitamin D deficiency, which may be related to any of the absorption, metabolism or functioning processes, which may occur in the following situations:

  • Low intake of foods with vitamin D;
  • Low sun exposure;
  • Surgery on the stomach or intestine, mainly in bariatric surgery;
  • Medicines for seizures, such as phenytoin or phenobarbital;
  • Intestinal malabsorption;
  • Renal insufficiency;
  • Liver disease.

In addition, some types of cancer can also alter the levels of vitamin D in the body.



how to diagnose

To diagnose osteomalacia, the doctor may request blood and urine tests to assess the levels of vitamin D, phosphorus, calcium, alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone, which are generally altered in this disease.

How is the treatment performed?

The objective of the treatment is to correct the cause that is causing the osteomalacia.

When the cause is due to vitamin D deficiency, the treatment is carried out through supplementation with calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D, in addition to the recommendation to consume foods rich in these nutrients. More on foods rich in calcium and rich in vitamin D.

In addition to this, it is also possible to indicate 15 minutes of sun exposure daily, mainly during the morning and avoiding sunscreen.

In the event that osteomalacia is caused by intestinal malabsorption syndrome, renal failure or liver problems, the disease should be treated first.

Similarly, it may be necessary to perform a surgery to correct bone deformities.

See the following video about foods rich in vitamin D:

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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