The nervous tics correspond to the motor or vocal action performed in a repetitive and involuntary way, such as parpadear several times, moving the head or inhaling air forcefully through the nose, for example.
These usually appear in childhood and then disappear without any type of treatment during adolescence or early adulthood.
The tics are not serious and, in the majority of cases, they do not affect day-to-day activities. However, when these are more complex and occur more frequently, it is important to consult a neurologist or psychiatrist for the diagnosis to be carried out, as it could be Tourette Syndrome.
why do they occur
The causes of nervous tics are not yet established, however, they usually occur as a result of excessive and frequent tiredness, stress and anxiety disorder. However, people who are under constant stress or feel anxious most of the time, do not necessarily have to have tics.
Some people believe that tics are related to a failure in some of the brain circuits due to genetic alterations, which causes a greater production of dopamine, stimulating involuntary muscle contractions.
Nervous tics correspond to involuntary contractions of muscles, commonly on the face and on the skin, which can result in:
- Parpadeo de los ojos repetitively;
- Move the head tilting it backwards or sideways;
- Biting your lips or moving your mouth;
- move the nose;
- Encoger the shoulders;
In addition to motor tics, they can even be tics related to the emission of sonidos, which can be considered as tics la tos, chasquear la lengua and inhalar aire fuertemente, producing a sonido.
The tics are usually light and are not limiting, however, there are a lot of harms and unpleasant comments related to people with nervous tics, which can result in isolation, decrease in the affective circle, lack of motivation to leave the house or carry out activities that used to be pleasant and even depression.
Nervous tics do not always represent Tourette Syndrome. Normally, this syndrome is characterized by more frequent and complex tics that can compromise the person’s quality of life, in addition to common tics, such as parpadear los eyes, for example; They can also have blows, kicks, buzzing, noisy breathing and blows in the pecho, for example, with all movements carried out involuntarily.
Many carriers of the syndrome develop impulsive, aggressive and self-destructive behaviors and, frequently, children present difficulties in learning.
A child with Tourette Syndrome can repeatedly move his head from side to side, play with his eyes, open his mouth and extend his ass. The person can speak obscenities for no apparent reason, frequently, in the middle of a conversation. These people can also repeat words immediately after they are paid, a situation that receives the name of echolalia.
The characteristic tics of this syndrome appear between 7 and 11 years, and it is important to diagnose it as quickly as possible so that the treatment starts and the child does not feel so many consequences on a day-to-day basis due to this syndrome.
Early diagnosis can help parents understand that behavior is not voluntary or malicious and that misdemeanor should not be reprimanded with punishment.
Learn more about Tourette’s Syndrome.
How the treatment of nervous tics is carried out
Some nervous tics may disappear during adolescence or early adulthood, with no need for treatment. However, it is recommended that the person receive treatment for tics in case they interfere with their daily activities, such as work or school, for example; in the presence of organic malaise; the presence of emotional alterations such as anxiety or depression or social repercussions, such as what the person has to suffer.
For him, it may be necessary to use drugs such as adrenergic agents or antipsychotics, such as clonidine, fluphenazine, risperidone or botulinum toxin, for example, the ones will be prescribed by the psychiatrist according to the type of tic, its severity and the symptoms that are producing.
Psychotherapy is also indicated for the treatment of tics, being the most used cognitive behavioral technique through the “Exhaustive Conductual Intervention for the Treatment of Tics” and the “Scandinavian Manual”, this therapy can be individually or in group sessions, they have the objective of tolerating and, in some cases, inhibiting the tic.
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