The epidemic can be defined as the emergence of a disease in a region with a higher number of cases than is normally expected. Epidemics can be characterized as sudden onset diseases that spread quickly, affecting the largest number of people.
To control the epidemic of some infectious disease, it is important that the cases are notified to the health agency so that measures can be taken to prevent the spread of the disease to other areas. Some of the strategies that can be used to contain an epidemic are to avoid traveling and visiting closed environments and with a greater concentration of people, such as shopping centers, cinemas and restaurants.
Epidemics get complicated when the disease is under control, spreading to other areas or countries due to the movement of people and plane trips or lack of adequate hygiene, becoming a pandemic, which is considered more serious due to the facility. the speed of transmission.
How to fight an epidemic
The best way to fight an epidemic is to try to contain the virus and prevent it from spreading to other people. In this way, the recommendations of health institutions must be followed, as they may vary according to the agreement with the illness and their form of transmission.
However, the main actions that must be carried out are:
- Inform the hospital about the health service of any suspected case of infection by an illness;
- Inform the hospital when you are in contact with someone who develops a disease and avoid contact with healthy individuals until you confirm that there is no illness;
- Washing the hands before and after the food, after using the bath, destornudar, toser or touch the nose and whenever the hands are sucias;
- Use gloves and masks whenever it is necessary to come into contact with bodily secretions from another person and/or inherited;
- Avoid touching common surfaces in public spaces, such as pasamanos, elevator buttons or manijas de puertas.
Likewise, in order not to acquire the disease during an epidemic, it is important to avoid unnecessary visits to the hospital, health service, emergency room or pharmacy, as well as how to apply the vaccine against the disease, if any. However, some diseases such as Ebola or cholera do not have the capacity to prevent the development of diseases and, in these cases, preventing contagion is the best way to avoid an epidemic. Find out how to avoid infectious diseases.
Quarantine during the epidemic
During an epidemic, quarantine is important to prevent the disease from spreading and affecting more people, giving rise to a pandemic. The quarantine corresponds to a measure of public health, in which the healthy people who may have been exposed to the infectious agent related to the epidemic are separated and monitored with the aim of determining whether the illness has developed.
This is because many people who inhabit the area considered to be the center of the epidemic can be carriers of the infectious agent and not develop the disease, however, they can easily transmit the infectious agent to other people, causing the spread of the disease. misma. Know more about how long a period lasts and how it takes place.
Difference between endemic, epidemic and pandemic
Endemic, epidemic and pandemic are terms that describe the epidemiological situation of a given illness in a region or in the world. The term endemic refers to the frequency of a given disease and usually describes a disease that is restricted to a region and that is influenced by climatic, social, hygienic and biological factors. Endemic diseases are usually seasonal, es decir, their frequency varies depending on the season of the year. Understand what is an endemic.
On the other hand, epidemic diseases are those that affect a greater proportion and spread quickly, regardless of the time of year. When an epidemic disease reaches other continents, it receives the name of a pandemic, in which case the infectious disease spreads in an uncontrolled way to several areas, making its control difficult. See more about the pandemics.
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