Clindamycin is an antibiotic indicated for the treatment of several infections that are caused by bacteria that can develop in the upper and lower respiratory tract, in the skin and soft parts, in the lower region of the abdomen and in the female genital tract; as well as in patients, bones, joints and even in the case of bacterial sepsis.
This medicine is available in capsules, injectables, ointments or vaginal cream and, for this reason, clindamycin can be used orally, injectable, topical or vaginal, depending on the intensity and extent of the infection and the region affected.
Clindamycin can be found in pharmacies in its generic form or under the commercial names of Dalacin, Clidets, Clinwas, Cutaclin, among others, and you must present the appropriate medical prescription for its purchase.
Clindamycin can be used in various infections caused by bacteria, such as the following:
- Respiratory infection (upper or lower respiratory tract): tonsillitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, lung abscess and anaerobic pneumonia;
- Skin and soft tissue infection: cellulitis, acne, skin abscess and infected herids;
- Abdominal infection: peritonitis;
- Dental infection: dental abscess and gingivitis;
- Urinary infection: endometritis, salpingitis, cervicitis or pelvic inflammatory disease;
- Bone or joint infection: osteomyelitis or septic arthritis.
In addition, it can also be administered in situations of septicemia, encephalitis and neumocystosis in patients with AIDS.
Know what is septicemia, what are the symptoms and how to treat it.
The method of use of this medication depends on the formulation that was prescribed by the doctor and on the illness that the person presents:
1. Clindamycin in capsules
The dose will depend on the infection to be treated, since 600 to 1800 mg are used for severe infections, divided into 2 to 4 doses throughout the day. Clindamycin must be taken with a full water vessel and can be ingested with food without affecting its absorption in the body.
The duration of the treatment depends on the type and severity of the infection, and must be established by the doctor, according to the diagnosis.
2. Injectable Clindamycin
The administration of clindamycin must be performed by the intramuscular or intravenous route, by a health professional, in a hospital environment.
In adults, for intra-abdominal infections, pelvic infections and other complications or serious infections, the usual daily dose of clindamycin phosphate is 2400 to 2700 mg in 2, 3 or 4 equal doses. For moderate infections caused by sensitive organisms, one dose with 1200 to 1800 mg per day, in 3 or 4 equal doses, may be sufficient.
In children, the recommended dose is 20 to 40 mg/kg per day in 3 or 4 equal doses, according to the pediatrician’s guidance.
3. Clindamycin for topical use
To use clindamycin ointment in the form of a dermatological gel for acne, apply a thin layer of gel on the clean and dry skin of the affected area, 2 times a day, according to the doctor’s instructions.
The clindamycin gel can be used by adults and children over 12 years old, and the treatment varies from one person to another, depending on the severity of the acne.
4. Clindamycin Vaginal Cream
The recommended dose of clindamycin in vaginal cream is from a full cream applicator, which is equivalent to approximately 5 g, which corresponds to 100 mg of clindamycin phosphate. The applicator must be used intravaginally, for 3 to 7 consecutive days, preferably in the spot.
The most common side effects that can occur with the use of this medication are pseudomembranous colitis, diarrhea, abdominal pain, changes in liver function conditions, skin eruptions, inflammation of the vena in the case of clindamycin and vaginitis in women who have used it the vaginal cream.
See how to combat diarrhea caused by this antibiotic.
Clindamycin should not be used by people who are allergic to this active ingredient or to any of the components present in the formula used. In addition, it should not be used to treat meningitis, nor in embarazadas women who are breastfeeding.
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