Sporotrichosis is an infectious disease caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii, el cual can be found naturally in el suelo and in las planta. Infection by fungus occurs when this microorganism manages to enter the body through a wound present in the skin, forming small wounds or red bulges similar to a mosquito bite.
This disease can occur in both humans and animals, with cats being the most affected. In this way, sporotrichosis in humans can also be transmitted through spiders or cat bites, especially street dogs.
For this reason, if you suspect that you have been infected with this disease after coming into contact with a cat, it is very important to consult a general physician or an infectious disease specialist to carry out the diagnosis and start the treatment.
The first signs and symptoms of sporotrichosis in humans can appear around 7 to 30 days after contact with the virus, and the first sign of infection is the emergence of a small painful and swollen skin, similar to a mosquito bite. Other symptoms that indicate sporotrichosis are:
- Emergence of ulcerated lesions with pus;
- Inherited the bulk that grows over the course of a week;
- Inherits that do not heal;
- Tos, shortness of breath, pain in breathing and fever, when the fungus affects the lungs.
It is important that the treatment be started quickly to avoid both respiratory and joint complications, such as swelling, pain in the limbs and difficulty in carrying out the movements, for example.
Sporotrichosis can be classified into 3 types, according to the place where the symptoms appear, these are:
- Cutaneous sporotrichosis: It is the most common type of human sporotrichosis and affects the skin, mainly of the hands and arms;
- Pulmonary sporotrichosis: It’s unusual, but it can happen when you breathe the mushroom through the octopus;
- Disseminated sporotrichosis: Occurs when adequate treatment is not carried out and the illness spreads to other areas, such as bones and joints, being more common in people who have the compromised immune system.
In most cases, the treatment of sporotrichosis is easy, and it is only necessary to take an antimycotic during the time recommended by the doctor.
Skin sporotrichosis infection is generally identified through a biopsy of a small sample of tissue that appears in the skin. However, if the infection is in another region of the body, it is necessary to carry out a blood test to identify the presence of the human being in the body or a microbiological analysis of the lesion that the person poses.
The treatment for human sporotrichosis should be carried out according to the advice of a doctor, and the use of antimycotic drugs, such as Itraconazole, for 3 to 6 months is normally indicated.
In the case of widespread sporotrichosis, in which other organs are affected by the fungus, it may be necessary to use another antimycotic, such as Amphotericin B, which should be used for approximately 1 year according to the doctor’s instructions.
It is important that the treatment is not interrupted without a doctor’s indication, even with the disappearance of the symptoms, because it can favor the development of the resistance mechanisms of the fungi and, in this way, make the treatment of the illness more complicated.
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