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Hyperemesis gravidarum: causes, symptoms and treatment

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Hyperemesis gravidarum is a situation in which the pregnant woman vomits several times throughout the day, for weeks, which can produce discomfort and end up compromising the woman’s nutritional status, generating symptoms such as dry mouth, increased heart rate and weight loss over 5% of initial body weight.

In milder cases, the treatment can be carried out at home through changes in the diet and with the use of medication prescribed by the doctor. However, in the most serious cases, it may be necessary to hospitalize the embarazada to replace the imbalance of fluids in the body and receive medications directly intravenously.

possible causes

The gravidarum hyperemesis occurs mainly due to the hormonal and emotional alterations that happen during the embarrassment. However, it can also happen due to circulating cytokines in maternal blood, vitamin B6 deficiency, allergic or gastrointestinal reaction.



It is important to diagnose the cause of the hyperemesis gravidarum, since in this way the doctor will be able to recommend the appropriate treatment to combat the cause and alleviate the symptoms.

main symptoms

In most cases, the woman who suffers from hyperemesis gravidarum does not manage to alleviate the desire to vomit using the most common natural remedies, such as a palette of lemon ice cream or the ingesta of ginger tea. In addition, other signs and symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty eating or drinking without vomiting afterwards;
  • Loss of more than 5% of body weight;
  • Dry mouth and decrease in urine;
  • Excessive tiredness;
  • Language covered by a white cape;
  • Acid alien, alcohol-seeking;
  • Increase in heart rate and decrease in blood pressure.

However, if these signs and symptoms do not exist, but the nausea and vomiting are making it difficult to carry out daily activities, it is very important to consult the obstetrician to assess the situation and identify whether it is a case of hyperemesis gravidarum or be there, start the proper treatment.

Does vomiting excessively harm the baby?

In general, excessive vomiting has no consequences for the baby; without embargo, although sean rare, some situations may occur, such as low weight of the baby at birth, having a premature birth or developing a low intellectual coefficient.



However, these complications only occur in cases where the hyperemesis is very serious or where adequate treatment has not been carried out.

How is the treatment performed?

In milder cases where there is no significant weight loss or risk for the health of the mother or baby, the treatment can be carried out with rest and good hydration. A nutritionist can advise a nutritional treatment to correct the acid-base and electrolytic disorders of the organism.

Some home strategies that can help fight morning nausea and vomiting:

  • Eat 1 cream cracker when waking up, before getting out of bed;
  • Take small sorbos of cold water several times a day, especially when feeling nauseous;
  • Eat a palette of lemon ice cream the orange after the food;
  • Avoid strong odorslike perfumes and scents when preparing food.

However, in the most serious cases, it is possible that the embarassed woman does not feel any improvement after adopting these strategies, and it is necessary to consult the obstetrician again to start treatment with drugs for nausea, such as Prochlorperazine or Metoclopramide. If in this way the woman continues to suffer from hyperemesis gravidarum and is losing a lot of weight, the doctor can indicate the hospitalization until the symptoms improve.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

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The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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