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Treatment for bacterial pneumonia

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The treatment of bacterial pneumonia is carried out with the use of drugs that must be recommended by the doctor according to the microorganism related to the illness.

When the illness is diagnosed at the beginning and the doctor discovers that the cause is bacterial and that it was acquired in the hospital, if the condition is mild, the treatment with antibiotics is carried out at home, if it is more serious it is carried out in the hospital during some days and, once there is an improvement, the treatment is completed at home.

In cases of severe bacterial pneumonia, which occurs mainly in individuals with HIV, older adults and children, it may be necessary for the person to remain hospitalized in order to receive antibiotics intravenously. In addition, in these cases, it may be necessary to perform some respiratory physiotherapy sessions to help expel secretions and improve the patient’s breathing.



Learn more about bacterial pneumonia.

Antibiotics for pneumonia

The antibiotic indicated in the treatment of bacterial pneumonia may vary according to the microorganism responsible for the infection, being indicated:

  • Amoxicillin;
  • Azithromycin;
  • Ceftriaxone;
  • Fluoroquinolones such as levofloxacin and moxifloxacin;
  • Penicillins;
  • Cephalosporin;
  • Vancomycin;
  • Carbapenems such as meropenem, ertapenem or imipenem.

It is important that the treatment with antibiotics is carried out according to the orientation of the doctor and that it continues without signs or symptoms present. In most cases, the use of antibiotics must be maintained around 7 to 10 days, without embargo, it can be extended to 15 or 21 days, depending on the severity of the infection and the health status of the person.

Care during the treatment of bacterial pneumonia

During the treatment with antibiotics it is important that the person takes some precautions to avoid complications and for the improvement to take place faster, it is recommended to remain at rest, drink plenty of water during the day and take a healthy and balanced diet.



Bacterial pneumonia is not transmitted from person to person, so the patient does not need to be isolated, however, it is important to avoid contact with other people to facilitate their recovery.

Signs of improvement and empowerment

The signs of improvement can be observed around 3 days after starting the treatment with antibiotics, being able to note: reduction of the fiebre, of the tos and of the catarro, as well as the reduction of the lack of air and difficulty to breathe.

On the other hand, when the treatment does not start promptly after identifying the signs and symptoms, it is possible that signs of worsening are observed, such as: increase or persistence of the fever, coughs with catarrh and traces of blood, increase in respiratory difficulty and from the lack of air.

When the pneumonia starts, it is possible that it is related to infections in other parts of the body or to an incorrect selection of the antibiotics used, its combination or its dose.

possible complications

In some cases, bacterial pneumonia can get worse, due to death of the lung tissue or accumulation of pus in the lungs, it is necessary to use other antibiotics, perform a puncture or place a drainage to eliminate the secretions.

Another possible complication that can be presented is the bacterial resistance to antibiotics, which can happen, for example due to the inappropriate use of these drugs. Know why the inappropriate use of antibiotics can produce resistance.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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