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Placebo: what is this effect, how does it work and when is it useful

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A placebo is a medicine, it supports any other type of treatment, which is similar to a normal treatment, but it does not have an active effect, that is to say, it does not generate any change in the organism.

This type of medication, treatment is very important during the trials to discover a new drug, because in the prueba groups, certain people perform the treatment with the new drug, while others have a placebo. In this way, if the results are the same for those of the groups, it is a sign that the new medication does not have any effect.

However, the placebo effect also plays an important role in the treatment of certain illnesses because, although it does not cause any change in the organism, it can change the way the person feels, helping to improve the symptoms and even make the person feel The treatment that was already being carried out was successful.



How does the placebo effect work?

It is not known how the placebo effect works exactly in the treatment of diseases, however, the most accepted theory indicates that the use of this type of treatment is based on the expectations of the person. Let’s say, when you take a medication and expect it to have a certain effect, the body’s own chemical processes try to imitate the effect and produce changes in the body, improving symptoms, for example.

In this way, the placebo effect is used successfully in the treatment of various problems such as:

  • depression;
  • Changes in the sweat;
  • Irritable bowel syndrome;
  • Menopause;
  • Chronic pain.

However, the placebo effect can also have opposite results, causing the person to experience some of the secondary effects that they would feel when taking a normal medication, such as headaches, agitation, nausea or stress, for example.

To work correctly, the placebo must be used without the person, who waits for the effect, regardless of what he is taking. A good example is to give a vitamin C tablet instead of a tablet for anxiety, for example.



Can the placebo effect cure illnesses?

The use of placebos to help cure diseases, being able only to alleviate certain symptoms, especially those related to mental health. In this way, although they can be used in cases of more serious illnesses, such as cancer, placebos cannot replace the treatments indicated by the doctor.

When can it be useful?

The placebo effect is useful to help reduce the number of drugs or treatments used to alleviate symptoms, with the aim of achieving less intoxication of the organism.

Asimism, when used correctly, placebos can offer a new sense of hope to people with chronic illnesses, improving their quality of life.

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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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