The treatment of malaria is carried out with antimalarial drugs, whose objective is to prevent the development of the parasite, without embargo, the dose of the medication depends on the severity of the illness, the species of the parasite and the age and weight of the patient.
Malaria, also called malaria, is an infectious disease caused by the bite of the female mosquito anopheleswhich can contain 4 different species of parasites plasmodium, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae and P. falciparum. The latter is the only one that can cause severe and complicated malaria.
When the treatment is carried out early and correctly, malaria can heal. However, when the treatment is not carried out before possible, the person can develop severe and complicated malaria, especially if you are bitten by a mosquito that transmits it. P. falciparumwhich can generate serious complications such as liver, kidney, brain and even death.
Medicines for Malaria
The treatment of malaria can be carried out with antimalarial drugs that depend on the age of the person, the severity of the symptoms and the type of parasite that causes it. Therefore, the indicated medications can be:
1. Caused by P. vivax, oval:
2. Caused by Plasmodium malariae:
3. Caused by Plasmodium falciparum:
Artesunate + single dose sulfadoxine;
Artesunate + amodiaquine for 3 days o;
Artemether-lumefantrine for 3 days.
The antimalarial drugs must be taken at once during a meal and their dose varies according to the age and weight of the patient, for this reason, the doctor and the pediatrician can confirm which is the correct dose of medication for each person.
During embarazo, the use of doxycycline or artemether-lumefantrine is contraindicated, considering quinine and treatment in case of infection by P. falciparum and chloroquine for the rest of the species of plasmodium.
The patient must take the antimalarial drugs during all the days that the doctor prescribes, until the symptoms begin to disappear before the close indicated by the doctor, with the purpose of preventing the worsening of malaria.
Treatment of severe and complicated malaria
The treatment of severe and complicated malaria is generally carried out in the hospital, after confirming that the patient was infected by it. Plasmodium falciparum, Artesunate can be administered directly in the vein or if this drug is not available, artemether or quinine can be used.
How should the diet be to recover fast?
It is important to avoid eating foods that are very salty, spicy, spicy, industrialized, with caffeine (coffee, coca cola, te negro, green or mate) or rich in grease. In addition, it is also advisable to avoid foods rich in fiber, preferring foods that are easy to digest such as porridge, potato, male plantain, zanahoria, rice, chicken and pavo, for example.
Likewise, it is important to increase the consumption of liquids such as water, coconut water and natural juices to avoid dehydration that can cause fever, thus helping the body to recover faster.
Natural remedies for malaria
Some examples of natural remedies that may be useful to complement the treatment indicated by the doctor are:
White sauce tea;
These are useful because they detoxify the liver and fight the symptoms of malaria. However, its use does not replace medical treatment, in addition to the fact that its dose and time of use must be guided by a medical professional. See how to use them to alleviate the symptoms of this disease.
Signs of improvement or empeoramiento
The signs of improvement arise after the beginning of taking the medicines indicated by the doctor. Asimism, after a few hours, the person feels better, the fiebre begins to descend and the pain in the head subsides, allowing an increase in appetite.
On the contrary, the signs of empeoramiento occur when the treatment is not carried out or when there is some error in the administered dose. Some signs can be, persistence of fever, increase in the frequency of symptoms, chills, rigid abdomen, delirium and convulsions.
If these symptoms are present, the person should be reevaluated by the doctor to adapt the treatment. In this case, the person may have to breathe with the aid of apparatus, for example.
Complications can arise when treatment is not carried out and can include coma, severe anemia, kidney failure, heart problems. Major complications can be seen in the case of cerebral malaria, which is the most serious type of this disease.
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