The 13-valent conjugated polysaccharide anti-neumococcal vaccine, also known as Prevenar 13, is a vaccine that helps protect the body against 13 different types of bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniaeresponsible for diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, bacteremia and otitis media, for example.
The first dose of the vaccine must be administered to the baby from the 6th week of age, then it must be administered two more doses, with an interval of 2 months between each dose, and a refresher between 12 and 14 months, to guarantee better protection. In the adult, a single dose of the vaccine is administered.
This vaccine is produced by Pfizer Laboratories, and in some countries this vaccine is not included in the vaccination calendar, however, it is distributed free of charge to cancer patients, people with HIV and transplanted patients.
what is it for
La Prevenar 13 helps to protect against diseases caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae, thus, a way to reduce the possibilities of developing the following infectious diseases:
Meningitis, is an infection in the membrane (meninges), which covers the central nervous system;
Sepsis is a generalized infection that can cause multiple organ dysfunction;
Bacteremia, is an infection in the blood circulation;
Neumonia, is an infection in the lungs;
Otitis media is an ear infection.
This vaccine protects the organism from these diseases, because it helps to create its own antibodies against these diseases.
The Prevenar 13 vaccine must be administered by a health professional.
The form of administration of the conjugated pneumococcal vaccine varies according to the age in which the first dose is administered, with 3 doses being recommended between 2 and 6 months of age, with an interval of approximately 2 months, and a refresher between 12 and 6 months. 15 months old
After 2 years of age, a single dose is recommended and for adults, a single dose can be administered to any age, without embargo, and is generally after 50 years or in people who suffer from asthma, high pressure, EPOC or with diseases that affect the immune system.
Possible side effects
Some of the most common side effects that may occur during treatment with Prevenar 13 are decreased appetite, irritability, drowsiness, restless sweating, fever, reddening, stiffening, swelling, pain or sensitivity in the vaccination site.
La Prevenar 13 must not be used in people with hypersensitivity to some of its components, and must be avoided in cases of fever.
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