Dermatosis is a set of skin diseases, characterized by persistent allergic manifestations, whose symptoms, in general, are the formation of blisters, comezón, inflammations and skin peeling.
The doctor best suited to diagnose and treat dermatosis is the dermatologist, who can identify the cause of the alteration by observing the skin and evaluating the person’s clinical history; however, the immunoalergologist can also be consulted. Normally, it is not necessary to carry out specific tests and general treatment, including the use of oral medication or in the form of an ointment.
To reduce the emergence of the crisis, it is necessary to identify and avoid the agents that cause irritation, hydrate the skin frequently, avoid excessive sweating, bathe with tibia water, reduce situations of stress, use cotton swaddling clothes for domestic work and avoid wear synthetic fabric clothes.
The most common types of dermatosis are:
1. Dermatosis papulosa nigra
La dermatosis papulosa nigra is characterized by the emergence of small dark brown or black spots, mainly on the face and on the skin, which does not cause pain or any other symptom. The emergence of these spots can occur in any person, however, it is more frequent in black people.
How the treatment is carried out: Aesthetic treatments such as chemical cauterization, cryosurgery with liquid nitrogen or electrocoagulation can be used.
2. Dermatosis cenicienta
Clinical dermatosis is a disease of the skin of unknown cause and that is not influenced by climatic, racial, food or work-related factors. This dermatosis is characterized by the appearance of gray-colored lesions with a thin reddish edge that appear on the skin and, on certain occasions, this lesion can be discreetly elevated.
Lesions appear suddenly, by buds, without symptoms and, on certain occasions, accompanied by comezón. Generally, this type of dermatosis leaves permanent stains on the skin and there is no effective cure.
3. Occupational dermatosis
Occupational dermatosis is that which is caused directly or indirectly by all that is used in professional activity or exists in the work environment, which can be caused by heat, cold, radiation, vibration, laser, microwave or electricity, for example. . Some examples of occupational dermatosis are skin burns, allergies, heritables, ulcers, Raynaud’s phenomenon and dermatitis caused by contact with cement, for example.
How the treatment is carried out: it varies depending on the type of lesions that arise, however, it should be indicated by the dermatologist, including the adaptation of the material necessary for the protection of the worker, the distance or the change of the work position.
4. Ampulose Dermatosis
In ampullary dermatosis, superficial blisters are formed on the skin that break easily, leaving the region as a thin scale and forming a crust.
How the treatment is carried out: It is carried out by taking medications such as prednisone and, in addition, immunosuppressants such as azathioprine and cyclophosphamide may be necessary.
5. Juvenile palmoplantar dermatosis
Juvenile palmoplantar dermatosis is a type of allergy that normally appears in pies plants, by lo general, in los talones and in los fatdos de los pies, being characterized by reddening, excess keratin production and skin bruised with a shiny appearance.
Symptoms of juvenile palmoplantar dermatosis develop in winter, with deep cracks that can cause pain and bleed from time to time. The main cause is the use of shoes and wet media or excessive contact with water.
How the treatment is carried out: The doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid ointment, such as topical ketoconazole or Betnovate, for example, in addition to a moisturizing lotion to keep the skin well hydrated.
Is dermatosis and dermatitis the same?
Both dermatitis and dermatosis are alterations in the skin that must be evaluated by the doctor, being the main difference between them is that dermatitis occurs when there are signs of skin inflammation, while in dermatosis these inflammatory signs are not present .
Some examples of dermatosis are Psoriasis, Eccema, Acne and Urticaria, and dermatitis are contact dermatitis, which are changes that arise in the skin due to contact with substances that can cause allergy, such as nickel, plastic and chemical substances present in certain cleaning products.
See more about urticaria.
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Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937
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