Drops or eye drops for glaucoma have the function of reducing intraocular pressure in the eye and generally are used for life to control the disease and prevent its main complication, which is blindness.
However, despite helping to control the illness, the eye drops can also cause various side effects, such as headache, somnolence and comezón, being important in these situations, the correct use of the medication until consulting with the ophthalmologist, to Evaluate if there is the possibility of changing the treatment.
There are several types of medication for eyes, which can be used according to the health characteristics of each person, such as the presence of asthma, allergies, heart problems or bronchitis, these are:
1. Adrenergic agonists
These eye drops act by decreasing the production of watery humor and, in a later stage, by increasing the drainage, which leads to the reduction of intraocular pressure. An example of an adrenergic agonist drug is brimonidine (Brimolol, Brimoftal, Alphagan, Brimof, Agglad Ofteno).
Side effects: headache, dry mouth, tiredness, redness, burning and puncture in the eyes, blurred vision, extraneous body sensation in the eyes, follicles, allergic reactions in the eyes and itching in the eyes.
Beta-blockers act by reducing intraocular pressure, eg timolol (Timolcare).
Side effects: Corneal anesthesia, blurred vision, decreased blood pressure, reduced heart rate and fatigue. In people with a history of asthma, it can cause mild shortness of breath.
3. Prostaglandin analogues
They work by increasing the drainage of watery humor, which helps to reduce intraocular pressure. Some examples of this type of medication are bimatoprost (Latisse, Uverigant and Lumigan), latanoprost (latanoprost, ciscotan, Gaap Ofteno), travoprost (Travatan).
Side effects: Burning, blurred vision, reddening of eyes, picor.
4. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
These medications act by inhibiting the secretion of watery humor, by inhibiting carbonic anhydrase, thereby reducing intraocular pressure. Some of these drugs are dorzolamide (Piobaj, Lopzox) and brinzolamide (Azopt).
Side effects: Burning, irritation, pain in the eye, reddening, picor, quemazón, escozor and turbidity in the eyes.
5. Cholinergic agonists
They act through the reduction of resistance at the step of the watery mood, which leads to the reduction of intraocular pressure. Among the agonist eye drops there is pilocarpine (Pil Ofteno).
Side effects: Ciliary spasm, eye irritation, conjunctival vascular congestion, headache and eye pain, ocular hyperemia, reduced vision capacity and induction of myopia, especially in young people.
6. Combined formulas
They are drugs that use more than one type of active ingredient, such as Tripligan, DuoTrav, Azarga, Simbrinza and Anhigot, for example.
How to use them correctly
To improve the effectiveness of the medication, shake the eye drops before use, add 1 drop to the bottom of the eye, in the red bag that forms when pushing the powder down. You should avoid touching with la punta del jar el ojo.
The ideal is to be on the side during the application and after adding the drop, you should close the eye and press the corner next to the nose. to blood circulation.
In case the drop falls outside the eye, it must be placed again, remembering that there must be an interval of at least 5 minutes of difference between applications of different eye drops.
Food to help with treatment
To help control the disease, you must maintain a balanced diet, rich in antioxidant foods and important nutrients for the eyes, such as vitamins A, C and E, and minerals, such as zinc and selenium.
These nutrients are present mainly in foods such as orange, piña, zanahoria, acerola, calabaza, fresa, goji berries and raspberry. The arándano also helps to improve night vision and eye shine, by improving circulation and having antioxidant action, and can be used to alleviate the symptoms of glaucoma.
In addition, it is important to avoid the consumption of foods rich in sugar and large amounts of salt and caffeine, as they increase blood pressure and eye pressure.
The physical activity combats the high pressure in the eyes
The frequent practice of physical activity helps to reduce the pressure in the eye and to control the risk factors of glaucoma, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Therefore, it is recommended to do exercises such as walking or cycling for at least 40 minutes 4 times a week.
In addition, it is important to avoid exercises in handstand positions, which change the head downwards, as in yoga or pilates classes, as it is possible to increase the pressure in the head and in the eye, being necessary to consult with the doctor to authorize the practice of this type of activity.
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