Main drops for glaucoma

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Drops or eye drops for glaucoma have the function of reducing intraocular pressure in the eye and generally are used for life to control the disease and prevent its main complication, which is blindness.

However, despite helping to control the illness, the eye drops can also cause various side effects, such as headache, somnolence and comezón, being important in these situations, the correct use of the medication until consulting with the ophthalmologist, to Evaluate if there is the possibility of changing the treatment.

There are several types of medication for eyes, which can be used according to the health characteristics of each person, such as the presence of asthma, allergies, heart problems or bronchitis, these are:

1. Adrenergic agonists

These eye drops act by decreasing the production of watery humor and, in a later stage, by increasing the drainage, which leads to the reduction of intraocular pressure. An example of an adrenergic agonist drug is brimonidine (Brimolol, Brimoftal, Alphagan, Brimof, Agglad Ofteno).

Side effects: headache, dry mouth, tiredness, redness, burning and puncture in the eyes, blurred vision, extraneous body sensation in the eyes, follicles, allergic reactions in the eyes and itching in the eyes.

2. Beta-blockers

Beta-blockers act by reducing intraocular pressure, eg timolol (Timolcare).

Side effects: Corneal anesthesia, blurred vision, decreased blood pressure, reduced heart rate and fatigue. In people with a history of asthma, it can cause mild shortness of breath.

3. Prostaglandin analogues

They work by increasing the drainage of watery humor, which helps to reduce intraocular pressure. Some examples of this type of medication are bimatoprost (Latisse, Uverigant and Lumigan), latanoprost (latanoprost, ciscotan, Gaap Ofteno), travoprost (Travatan).

Side effects: Burning, blurred vision, reddening of eyes, picor.

4. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors

These medications act by inhibiting the secretion of watery humor, by inhibiting carbonic anhydrase, thereby reducing intraocular pressure. Some of these drugs are dorzolamide (Piobaj, Lopzox) and brinzolamide (Azopt).

Side effects: Burning, irritation, pain in the eye, reddening, picor, quemazón, escozor and turbidity in the eyes.

5. Cholinergic agonists

They act through the reduction of resistance at the step of the watery mood, which leads to the reduction of intraocular pressure. Among the agonist eye drops there is pilocarpine (Pil Ofteno).

Side effects: Ciliary spasm, eye irritation, conjunctival vascular congestion, headache and eye pain, ocular hyperemia, reduced vision capacity and induction of myopia, especially in young people.

6. Combined formulas

They are drugs that use more than one type of active ingredient, such as Tripligan, DuoTrav, Azarga, Simbrinza and Anhigot, for example.

How to use them correctly

To improve the effectiveness of the medication, shake the eye drops before use, add 1 drop to the bottom of the eye, in the red bag that forms when pushing the powder down. You should avoid touching with la punta del jar el ojo.

The ideal is to be on the side during the application and after adding the drop, you should close the eye and press the corner next to the nose. to blood circulation.

In case the drop falls outside the eye, it must be placed again, remembering that there must be an interval of at least 5 minutes of difference between applications of different eye drops.

Food to help with treatment

To help control the disease, you must maintain a balanced diet, rich in antioxidant foods and important nutrients for the eyes, such as vitamins A, C and E, and minerals, such as zinc and selenium.

These nutrients are present mainly in foods such as orange, piña, zanahoria, acerola, calabaza, fresa, goji berries and raspberry. The arándano also helps to improve night vision and eye shine, by improving circulation and having antioxidant action, and can be used to alleviate the symptoms of glaucoma.

In addition, it is important to avoid the consumption of foods rich in sugar and large amounts of salt and caffeine, as they increase blood pressure and eye pressure.

The physical activity combats the high pressure in the eyes

The frequent practice of physical activity helps to reduce the pressure in the eye and to control the risk factors of glaucoma, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Therefore, it is recommended to do exercises such as walking or cycling for at least 40 minutes 4 times a week.

In addition, it is important to avoid exercises in handstand positions, which change the head downwards, as in yoga or pilates classes, as it is possible to increase the pressure in the head and in the eye, being necessary to consult with the doctor to authorize the practice of this type of activity.

Verified by RJ9823 – Public Utility – cc2.0

Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937

Content for educational purposes only

The translator user relied on the following text:

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Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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