To know the type of skin, it is important to take into account some characteristics such as sensitivity, skin age, pigmentation, oiliness and tendency to form wrinkles, which can be evaluated by means of visual and tactile tools or by means of specific devices used by a dermatologist.
Skin type is influenced by genetic and environmental factors and lifestyle, so changing certain behaviors is possible to improve skin health, making it more hydrated, nourished, luminous and with a more youthful appearance. For this, it is important to know the type of skin, with the objective of taking the best decisions when choosing the daily care.
test online skin type
One of the tools that can help to determine the type of skin is the Baumann system, which is a classification method developed by the dermatologist Leslie Baumann, and which is based on the observation of four parameters that evaluate the skin. dry (D) or greasy (O), pigmented (P) or non-pigmented (N), sensible (S) or resistant (R) and wrinkled (W) or firm (T).
To be able to determine the type of skin of Baumann, the person must answer a questionnaire, whose result can be used as a guideline to choose the most indicated products. To find out your skin type, enter its characteristics in the following calculator:
How to evaluate skin type
There are several ways to evaluate the type of skin, being important that the person is not made up and has no cosmetic product in the skin, they can interfere with the result. The evaluation must be carried out with direct light and without shadows, being able to use the following procedures:
- visual exam, which consists of the visual evaluation of the texture and the uniformity of the skin, with the objective of identifying cutaneous alterations such as dilated pores, grains, scaling, reddening, spots and wrinkles;
- tactile exam, which consists of evaluating the skin through the touch and feeling the texture, elasticity, firmness and presence of the fat;
- Interview, which is carried out by a health professional and which person is questioned about their hygiene habits, how does the skin react to cold, heat, sun and weather, what type of cosmetic products does the person use, which are they your lifestyle and professional activity and if you have any illness or if you take any medication that could interfere with the appearance of your skin;
- instrumental evaluation, which is carried out by a health professional and consists of the use of devices that evaluate the loss of water and reduce the oil, the resistance and the degree of pigmentation.
The evaluation of the skin type can also be carried out at home, passing a sheet of clean paper on the face to stand up and observing the skin and the skin in a place where there is clarity. For the general, in a normal skin, the pañuelo remains clean; in skin grease, you can see suciedad, and in skin dry, you can feel that the misma dries up a little and you can observe peeling skin on the pañuelo.
How to identify the characteristics of the skin
Knowing how to identify the characteristics of each type of skin is also important to know how to treat it. In this way, it is important to know the difference between normal, dry and greasy skins, as well as how to identify the signs of greater and lesser sensitivity and degree of pigmentation.
1. Normal skin, dry the grease
For the general, the normal skin It does not have a greasy or dry appearance, has a moderate shine, is luminous, pink and is normally smooth and firm to the touch, without imperfections. The pores can be imperceptible at first sight and generally do not present grains.
On the other hand, it dry skin It can be characterized by the sensation of pulling away from the contact with the water, in addition to being able to descamarse with greater ease and in the tener shine. Now, there skin grease It is characterized by the production of a greater quantity of tallow, being able to notice the most dilated pores and the formation of acne with greater frequency.
Certain personas can also be presented mixed skinin which areas of the face of mayor oleosidad can be noticed, as in the front, nose and chin, and more droughts, as in the mejillas.
It is important to take into account that the types of skin as a function of the hydrolipidic characteristics are not necessarily invariable, it is to be decided that factors such as stress, embarrassment, menopause or exposure to different temperatures and climates can generate changes in the type of skin.
2. Sensitive or resistant skin
The skin sensitive can more easily suffer problems such as acne, rosacea, burning and allergic reactions. On the other hand, a resistant skin presents a healthy stratum corneum, which protects against allergens and other irritants and also prevents water loss.
3. Skin pigmentation
Pigmentation corresponds to signs or spots that can appear on the face and helps to identify people with antecedents or greater probability of suffering changes in skin pigmentation, such as melasma, posinflamatory hyperpigmentation and sun parts, which can be prevented from improving through use of topical products and dermatological procedures.
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