Cardiac arrhythmia is cured, but it must be treated as soon as the first symptoms appear, thus avoiding possible complications caused by the illness, such as a heart attack, cerebrovascular accident, cardiogenic shock and death.
The treatment of cardiac arrhythmia will depend on the severity of the symptoms, on the association or on other cardiac diseases, and on the type of arrhythmia, which can be:
benign arrhythmia, where the changes in cardiac barking can even disappear spontaneously, and can be easily controlled with medication prescribed by the doctor and regular practice of physical activity. However, periodic consultations with the cardiologist should be carried out, so that regular cardiac exams are carried out, so that the activity of the heart can be evaluated and check if it is necessary to carry out any type of surgical procedure;
malignant arrhythmia, in which the changes do not disappear spontaneously and they encourage the practice of physical exercises, being able to take it to death in case it is not treated quickly and correctly.
The arrhythmia corresponds to changes in heart rate, which can be faster, slower or even slowing down the heart, causing symptoms such as tiredness, pain in the throat, paleness, cold sweating and shortness of breath.
The treatment options vary according to the symptoms presented, being more common for the following behaviors:
- Electric shock, electrical cardioversion or defibrillation: its function is to reorganize the heart rhythm in some types of more urgent arrhythmias, such as in cases of atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia;
- Medicines: The main drugs that can be indicated by the cardiologist for the control of symptoms and regulation of cardiac barks, are: Propafenone, Sotalol, Dofetilide, Amiodarone and Ibutilide;
- Implantation of an artificial pacemaker: this is an apparatus made up of a long-lasting battery, whose function is to assume the command of the heart as the doctor schedules it, regulating the heart’s barking and allowing the person to lead a normal life. See what is a pacemaker and how it works.
- Cauterization or ablation surgery:It is a procedure where some scars are performed in some areas of the heart, preventing or hindering new crisis of arrhythmias. The procedure lasts a few hours, and sedation or general anesthesia may be necessary.
Other important measures to treat and avoid arrhythmia are changes in lifestyle habits, adopting a healthy lifestyle, such as avoiding the consumption of alcohol, drugs, caffeinated drinks, black cigarettes and cigarettes. In addition, it is important to practice regular physical activities and have a balanced diet.
When can the arrhythmia be serious?
In the majority of cases of arrhythmia, there is no risk for health. Generally, they disappear spontaneously, they generate few symptoms and improve with some lifestyle changes, such as regular physical activity, sleeping well, avoiding cigarettes, alcoholic beverages and stimulants such as coffee.
The arrhythmia can be considered serious or malignant when it appears due to a change in the electrical functioning of the heart or when the heart muscle is affected by an illness.
In these cases, there is a greater probability of a cardiac arrest, or in people with atrial fibrillation, there is also the risk of clots forming, which can detach and reach the brain, causing a cerebrovascular accident.
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