Myopia surgery is usually performed in people with stabilized myopia and who do not have other more serious problems in the eye, such as cataracts, glaucoma or dry eye, for example. Thus, the best candidates for this type of surgery are generally young adults over 18 years of age.
Although there are different surgical techniques, the most used is laser surgery, also known as LASIK, in which a ray of light is used to correct the cornea, which can be used to permanently cure myopia up to 10 degrees. Apart from treating myopia, this surgery can also correct up to 4 degrees of astigmatism.
How is the surgery performed?
There are several different techniques to carry out myopia surgery:
- LASIK: It is the most used type, it corrects several classes of problems in the vision. In this surgery, the doctor makes a small cut in the membrane of the eye and then uses a laser to definitively correct the cornea, allowing the image to form in the correct area of the eye;
- PRK: a laser similar to LASIK is used, however, in this technique the doctor does not need to cut the eye, being indicated for whoever has a very thin cornea and cannot be submitted to LASIK, for example;
- Implantation of contact lenses: It is used especially in cases of myopia with a very high degree. In this technique, the ophthalmologist places a permanent lens in the eye, placing it normally between the cornea and the iris to correct the image.
During the surgery, an anesthetic eye drops are placed on the eye so that the ophthalmologist can work without causing discomfort. Most of these surgeries last from 10 to 20 minutes per eye, but in the case of implantation of the lens in the eye it may take longer.
Since vision is affected due to eye inflammation and anesthetic eye drops, it is advisable to be accompanied by another person so that you can return home safely afterwards.
How is the recovery
The recovery from the surgery of myopia lasts, in average, 2 weeks; however, it may depend on the degree of myopia that occurs, on the type of surgery used and on the healing capacity of the organism.
During recovery, it is advisable to take the following precautions:
- Avoid fleeting or scratching los ojos;
- Use the antibiotic and anti-inflammatory eye drops indicated by the ophthalmologist;
- Avoid impact sports, such as football, tennis or balloncesto, for 30 days.
Surgery is normal, but vision is blurry due to eye inflammation; however, with the passage of time, the vision is becoming clearer. Asimism, it is usual that in the first days after the surgery there is burning and constant comezón in the eyes.
Possible risks of surgery
The surgery for myopia presents the following risks:
- Dry eye;
- Light sensitivity;
- eye infection;
- Increase in myopia.
The risks of surgery for myopia are little usual and occur less and less due to the advancement of the techniques employed.
Verified by RJ9823 – Public Utility – cc2.0
Consult a Doctor | Translated by User2937
Content for educational purposes only
The translator user relied on the following text:
Tua Saude Website – REF93782 – Verified
Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.
Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.