Lymphatic cancer is a disease characterized by the abnormal proliferation of lymphocytes, which are cells responsible for the defense of the organism. Normally, lymphocytes are produced and stored in the lymphatic system, which is made up of organs, such as the thymus and the bazo, and a network of vessels responsible for transporting lymph from tissues to blood vessels, which have small structures called lymph nodes, responsible for filtering the lymph and acting on the maturation of lymphocytes.
In cases of lymphoma, the lymphocytes undergo alterations and, therefore, they start to multiply very quickly after they are destroyed, accumulating and giving rise to the formation of tumors that can compromise the lymphatic system and cause symptoms such as swelling of the lymph nodes present in cuello or in the throat, tiredness and general malaise.
The diagnosis is carried out by means of laboratory tests, such as the hemogram, in which the lymphocytosis is verified, in addition to the tissue biopsy, which is carried out to identify the presence of altered cells and confirm the illness so that it can be started. treatment. In addition, the doctor may request the performance of an ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, for example, to observe which regions are affected and the evolution of lymphatic cancer.
The main symptom of lymphatic cancer is the swelling of the ganglios of the skin, armpits, abdomen or ingle. Other symptoms include the following:
- General malaise;
- Loss of appetite;
- Weight loss for no apparent reason.
The symptoms associated with lymphatic cancer are the same as other situations, similarity, it is important to seek medical attention so that they can indicate tips that help diagnosis and initiation of treatment.
Know what is the lymphoma and what are its main symptoms.
If the alteration that occurs in the lymphocytes to develop the lymphatic cancer is known, however, it is not known exactly why it occurs. Most cases of this cancer occur spontaneously and for no apparent reason. However, some factors can influence the appearance of the same, such as family history or autoimmune diseases, which increase the risk of developing this condition.
The treatment of lymphatic cancer is carried out according to the degree of commitment to the lymphatic system and the evolution of the disease, and if the altered lymphocytes are found in other parts of the body. Therefore, the treatment can be carried out with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or both.
During treatment, it is normal for the person to suffer some side effects caused by the medication used, such as weight loss, gastrointestinal changes and hair loss, which are the most common effect.
Lymphatic cancer is cured when the first symptoms are immediately diagnosed, and treatment is started as early as possible to prevent the spread of altered cells throughout the body.
Among the risk factors that are linked to the development of lymphatic cancer are the following:
- Haberse underwent an organ transplant;
- Being infected with HIV;
- Having an autoimmune disease such as lupus or Sjögren’s syndrome;
- Suffering an infection with the Epstein-Barr virus or HTLV-1;
- Prolonged exposure to chemical products;
- Have a family history of the illness.
Although family history increases the risk of developing the disease, lymphatic cancer is not hereditary, it is not transmitted from parents to children, and it is not contagious.
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