Fenugreek, also known as garlic, is a medicinal plant of the species Trigonella foenum-graecumwhich has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-diabetic properties, being widely used as a home remedy for diabetes, menstrual cramps or high cholesterol, for example.
The part of this plant used in folk medicine is the seeds, from which active substances with medicinal properties are extracted. However, your fresh or dry hojas can also be used in cooking as a condiment in food preparation or baking, for example.
Fenugreek for medicinal use can be found in stores of natural products or free markets, being used in the form of tea, capsules or octopus prepared with the seeds of this plant. The use in the treatment of health problems must always be carried out under the guidance of a doctor or another health professional who has experience in the use of medicinal plants.
what is it for
Studies carried out with fenugreek have shown that this plant, especially its seeds, has several medicinal properties. In this way, it can be used for the following fines:
1. Regulate the sugar in the blood
Some studies show that the soluble fiber present in the fenugreek seed is rich in galactomannan, a substance capable of reducing the absorption of sugar in food, contributing to the regulation of glucose levels in blood.
Apart from this, the seeds of this plant can also help to improve insulin resistance, as it has an amino acid known as 4-hydroxyisoleucine, which stimulates the production of insulin by the beta cells of the pancreas.
2. Help you lose weight
Fenugreek helps to lose weight because it is rich in fibers that reduce the appetite and increase the feeling of satiety, in addition to antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances, such as flavonoids and caffeic acid, which reduce the absorption of fats and sugars by the intestines, favoring the weight loss. Discover other foods that help you lose weight.
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3. Protect against cardiovascular diseases
As it is rich in fiber, fenugreek seeds help to reduce the absorption of fats from foods, which makes the plant capable of regulating “bad” cholesterol levels and controlling blood pressure, reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases serious as myocardial infarction or atherosclerosis, for example.
4. Reduce menstrual cramps
Some studies show that the fenugreek octopus, prepared with the seeds of this plant, when used during the menstrual period, helps to relieve the symptoms of colic, apart from tiredness, headache, feeling of lack of energy and even seas. . This is due to the fact that the seeds contain anti-inflammatory substances, such as alkaloids, saponins and apigenins, which reduce the inflammation caused by the uterus during menstruation.
Also, the fenugreek extract can help to alleviate the symptoms associated with the syndrome of polycystic ovaries, to regulate the levels of the hormones LH and FSH, which contributes to the reduction of the size of the cysts, the regularization of the menstrual cycle and the fertility improvement.
5. Improve the functioning of the digestive system
As it is rich in fiber, the fenugreek seeds help to improve the function of the digestive system, contributing to a good digestion and the softening of the heces, which helps in the stress.
Aside from this, the fresh products of this plant can also be used to help with problems such as indigestion, excess intestinal gas or sluggish liver.
6. Stimulate testosterone production
Some studies show that the fenugreek extract can help regulate the levels of GnRH and LH hormones, increase the sensitivity of the testes to these hormones and stimulate the production of testosterone. In addition, the plant seems to be able to increase the number of spermatozoa and improve mental alertness, mood and sexual desire.
7. Fight inflammation
Fenugreek seeds are rich in anti-inflammatory substances such as alkaloids, flavonoids, amino acids such as 4-hydroxyisoleucine, and furostanol, which act by reducing the production of inflammatory substances such as prostaglandins and cytokines, being of great use to favor the treatment of inflammation in the throat , apart from arthritis and muscle pain.
8. Improve skin quality
The antioxidants and anti-inflammatory substances present in the fenugreek tone and cleanse the skin as they are antiseptic and exfoliating, improving the heat of the disease, in addition to treating problems such as allergies, acne, eczema or psoriasis.
Asimism, the antioxidant substances of fenugreek prevent the formation of free radicals that damage the cells, delaying the aging of the skin.
Fenugreek also has antifungal and antibacterial action, and can be used to help with the treatment of dandruff in the hairy scalp, foruncles or sores on the skin, for example.
9. Help fight cancer
Some laboratory studies that have used breast, pancreas, lung and lymphoma cancer cells show that some substances present in the aqueous or alcoholic extract of fenugreek, such as diosgenin, squalene and naringenin, can help to reduce multiplication and increase death of the cells of these types of cancer. However, studies in humans are also needed to understand this benefit.
How to take Fenugreek
The fenugreek dishes are popular in Indian cuisine, and they can be used to season dishes or prepare some recipes, such as bread, for example.
On the other hand, for medicinal use, seeds of the plant are recommended, which can be used in the following ways:
- Tea of fenugreek seeds: add 2 cups of fenugreek seeds in 1 cup of cold water and leave to rest for 3 hours. Then, get the ingredients, paste and consume while still. Drink up to 3 times a day;
- Fenugreek tea for compresses (to use en la skin): add 2 cups of fenugreek seeds in 1 cup of water. Hervir the seeds for 10 minutes. Wear necklace and use hair dressing for dandruff treatment;
- Compresa with fenugreek seeds for foruncles: add 110 g of fenugreek seeds and water or vinegar to the blender, blend until it forms a paste. Luego, take the fire until that hierva. Spread the hot pulp on a cloth, wait until it is soft and apply the skin on the foruncle until it cools, repeating the procedure 3 to 4 times a day;
- Fenugreek capsules: The recommended dose is 1 capsule of 500 or 600 mg, 1 or 2 times a day, according to medical indication. To help with the treatment of diabetes, it is recommended to take a fenugreek capsule before or during food.
The use of fenugreek seeds and the treatment time must be indicated by a doctor or health professional with experience in medicinal plants.
Possible side effects
The use of fenugreek seeds is safe for most people when they are consumed orally, in the form of capsules or té. However, some side effects that can appear during prolonged use or in large amounts of fenugreek are: diarrhea, excessive production of intestinal gas and strong odor in the urine.
Asimism, fenugreek can cause allergy, which is why you should seek immediate medical attention or go to the hospital more closely if symptoms such as difficulty breathing, sensation of nasal congestion, to the mouth, tongue or face.
See how to identify the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Fenugreek should not be used by embarassed women, as it can stimulate uterine contractions and induce childbirth. This plant should not be used for children or people in the treatment of hormone-sensitive cancers, such as breast or prostate cancer, for example.
Aside from this, people who use insulin or other diabetes medications need to be careful when using fenugreek, as it can considerably reduce blood sugar and cause a hypoglycemic crisis.
The use of fenugreek should be discontinued 2 weeks before any surgery, as it may affect blood clotting and increase the risk of bleeding or bleeding.
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