The triple viral vaccine, also known as the triple viral vaccine or the SPR, forms part of the vaccination schedule and is administered from 12 months onwards for protection against 3 viral diseases: measles, parotiditis or paperus and rubella, highly contagious and suelen diseases arise in children.
In the composition of the vaccine are present a combination of live attenuated viruses of these diseases that, although they cannot cause the infection, are sufficient to prepare the immune system. The protection conferred by the vaccine starts in the weeks after the application and its duration is generally for life.
Who should be vaccinated
The triple viral vaccine is indicated to protect against measles, parotiditis or paperworm and rubella viruses in adults and children older than 1 year of age, preventing the development of these diseases and their possible health complications.
when to vaccinate
The vaccine must be administered in two doses, being the first at 12 months and the second between 15 and 24 months of age. After 2 weeks of application, protection and life effects begin. However, in some cases of outbreaks of some of the diseases covered by the vaccine, the health department of your locality can advise the application of an additional dose.
The triple viral vaccine is offered free of charge on the public health network, but it can also be found in private immunization establishments. It is administered subcutaneously, by a doctor or health care professional, in a dose of 0.5 ml.
It is also possible to associate the tetraviral vaccine with immunization, which has protection against chickenpox. In these cases, the first dose of the triple viral is carried out and, after 15 months until the 4 years of age, the dose of the tetraviral must be applied, with the advantage of protecting against a further illness.
Does the vaccine protect against COVID-19?
The triple viral vaccine is being studied by the Centro de Investigaciones de la Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina, in Brazil, as a form of prevention against COVID-19. Until now, preliminary studies indicate that the vaccine can reduce the appearance of symptoms of new coronavirus infection by 54% and hospital admissions by 74%.
However, it is necessary that the study be completed, as well as its data, to ensure that the vaccine is effective against COVID-19. The Centro de Investigaciones de la UFSC also adds that the triple viral vaccine does not act in the same way that the vaccines developed specifically against COVID-19.
Possible adverse effects
The most common secondary effects of the vaccine include fever above 38ºC, which lasts an average of 5 days, irritability, reddening of the eyes, rhinitis, red spots on the body and painful lymph nodes. Asimismo, also is common the appearance of reactions in the place of the injection, including reddening, pain, comezón and hinchazón.
See what to do to alleviate the main secondary effects of vaccines.
The triple viral vaccine is contraindicated in the following situations:
- Embarrassed women;
- People with diseases that affect the immune system, such as HIV or cancer, for example;
- Persons with a history of allergy to neomycin or some of the components of the formula.
Apart from this, if there are symptoms of infection, you should talk to the doctor before being vaccinated, since the ideal is not to present any symptoms that can be confused with secondary effects to the vaccine.
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