Nervous anorexia is an alimentary and psychological disorder that is characterized by an intense fear to gain weight, in addition to a distortion of the body image, which leads to behaviors such as avoiding eating or performing excessive exercise or provoking vomiting.
The majority of times, anorexia is difficult to identify, on the ground because it suffers from the upheaval, because it has a mistaken perception of its body, but also for family and friends, who only start to suspect anorexia when the person comienza a show physical signs of extreme thinness.
Asimismo, knowing which are the signs to recognize a person with anorexia is an important step to identify this disorder in the first stages of development and contribute to the search for support, which in general should begin with a psychologist.
Anorexia does not have a defined cause, but it is generally more common in women and appears during adolescence, when people begin to feel pressure for a new form of their body. Studies have demonstrated the relationship of genetic causes and even alterations in brain function within the origins of this disorder.
This disorder mainly affects women and may be related to the following factors:
- Family and friends pressure to lower weight;
Persons who have suffered some type of abuse or who receive retributions from society in relation to the body, as models, have a higher probability of developing anorexia.
Another common eating disorder is bulimia, which can be confused with anorexia; however, this person is at a normal weight, or even on top of this, and there are periods when there is an excessive consumption of food, also called “atracones”, for which he performs measures to avoid gaining weight, such as vomiting or use of laxatives.
Understand better the differences between anorexia and bulimia.
Main symptoms of anorexia
Among the main signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa include the following:
- extreme thinness;
- Loss of muscle weakness;
- Fragility of hair and nails;
- Dry and yellow skin;
- Growth of very thin fleeces throughout the body (lanugo);
- menstrual problems;
- Fatigue and slowness.
Asimism, people with anorexia nervosa can present other conditions such as mild anemia, low body temperature and low blood pressure, and they can even develop other problems such as infertility, disorders in the bones, such as osteopenia and osteoporosis, brain damage and heart conditions.
On the other hand, individuals who suffer from anorexia generally have a more introverted personality, are more anxious and tend to be obsessive; in addition, they also have a very restrictive diet and practice intense and excessive exercise, they are afraid to gain weight, seek exaggerated thinness, have problems maintaining a normal or healthy weight, have a distorted body image and severe damage. of your low weight.
How is the treatment performed?
The treatment for anorexia nervosa includes, in general, the performance of psychological therapy to improve behavior in relation to food and body acceptance; and to be necessary, you can also request the administration of drugs against anxiety and depression, indicated by the psychiatrist.
Likewise, it is necessary to consult a nutritionist to recommend food supplements that help to overcome the lack of nutrients in the body and recommend a specific diet so that the person can have an adequate diet and thus avoid illnesses.
During the treatment, it is very important that the family is present to support and understand the problems that the person faces with anorexia. The treatment of this illness can be long and can last for months or years, and it is common to have relapses, where extreme concern about the weight comes back.
Consequences of anorexia
Usually, the consequences of anorexia for health are the direct result of weight loss and malnutrition, situations that end up affecting the body in general, causing the following problems:
- cardiovascular, such as bradycardia, hypotension, mitral valve prolapse and arrhythmia;
- dermatological, such as dry skin, alopecia, growth of lanugo and pruritus;
- gastrointestinal, such as stress, hepatitis, dysphagia, delay in gastric emptying and pancreatitis;
- endocrine and metabolic, such as amenorrhea, infertility, osteoporosis, hypoglycemia and diabetes insipidus;
- neurological, like brain atrophy.
Psychotherapeutic follow-up is important because the suicide is one of the most serious consequences of those who suffer from this disorder, assimism, evaluation with other doctors is important to avoid problems in other organs such as lagophthalmos, which when it is not possible to close complete los párpados
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