The diaphragm is a barrier method of contraception that aims to prevent the sperm from coming into contact with the egg, preventing fertilization and, as a result of embarrassment.
This contraceptive method consists of a flexible ring, enclosed in a thin layer of silicone or gum, which must have the appropriate diameter for the size of the uterus, which is why it is important that the woman consults a gynecologist to carry out the examination of tact and determine the size and, in this way, you can indicate the most adequate diaphragm.
The diaphragm can be used for up to 2 years, it is recommended to change it after this period. Likewise, it is recommended to insert it before sexual intercourse with a spermicide in gel and remove it after 6 to 8 hours of intercourse, to ensure that the spermatozoa do not survive.
how to put it
The diaphragm is very easy to put on and it should be introduced around 15 to 30 minutes before sexual intercourse, it is always recommended to accompany it with a spermicidal gel and follow the next steps:
- Put spermicidal gel on the diaphragm and fold it with the round part on the underside;
- Introduce the diaphragm into the vagina with the round part behind it;
- Push the diaphragm and adjust it so that it is correctly placed.
In some cases, the woman can put a little lubricant to facilitate the placement of the diaphragm. For sexual intercourse, this contraceptive must be withdrawn between 6 to 8 hours, as this is the average time for sperm survival. However, it is important not to leave it for too long, as otherwise it may favor the emergence of infections.
After removal, the diaphragm must be washed with cold water and neutral soap, allowing it to dry naturally and keeping it in its case, being able to be reused for a maximum of 2 years. However, in case there is any swelling, cracks or weight gain, the diaphragm must be replaced.
When is not indicated
The use of the diaphragm is not indicated when the woman presents some alteration in the uterus, such as prolapse, uterine rupture or alteration in the position, or when there is a weaker vaginal musculature, in these cases the diaphragm may not be correctly placed and, therefore, it will not be effective.
Aside from this, the use of this contraceptive method is not indicated in virgin women who are allergic to latex; in addition, tampoco is recommended during the menstrual period, as it may have accumulation of blood in the uterus, favoring the development of inflammation and infection.
Advantages of the diaphragm
The use of the diaphragm can have some advantages for the woman, being able to be indicated by the gynecologist when it is not possible to use the contraceptive pill or presents many secondary effects. So, the main advantages of using the diaphragm are:
- Prevention against embarrassment;
- It has no hormonal side effects;
- Use can be interrupted at any time;
- It’s easy to use;
- It is rarely felt by the couple;
- You can have a duration of up to 2 years;
- Can’t get into the uterus, don’t get lost in the woman’s body.
However, the use of the diaphragm can also have some disadvantages, such as the need for hygiene at each use and replacement of the diaphragm when there is an increase in weight, in addition to being associated with a 10% chance of failure and vaginal irritation .
On the other hand, the diaphragm does not protect against sexually transmitted infections, so if you have several partners, it is recommended to use condoms to avoid possible contagions.
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Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.