Type 1 diabetes diagnoses grow 5% per year in Brazil

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According to the Global Type 1 Diabetes Index, the disease already affects more than 588,000 people in the country.

The number of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in Brazil is growing 5% a year. The statement is from Global Type 1 Diabetes Indexlaunched on September 21 by JDRF, a global research funding organization on the disease, which already affects more than 588,000 people in the country.

According to the study, which was published in the scientific journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 235,000 people died prematurely from the disease in Brazil just this year. This equates to 33 years of life lost per person.

Read more: Understand how diabetes affects your heart health

In addition, one in nine people died without knowing they had type 1 diabetes, totaling 2,400 deaths without proper diagnosis. This scenario reinforces the importance of performing periodic exams and assessing the blood glucose level for the early identification of the disease and, later, adherence to the appropriate treatment.

How was the survey done?

The Global Type 1 Diabetes Index (or T1D Index) is a data simulation tool that measures the impact of the disease on human and public health in all countries of the world. To conduct the survey, the JDRF used data from a global survey of more than 500 endocrinologists and 400 other publications.

According to the index, worldwide, 3.9 million people died prematurely from type 1 diabetes in 2022. They could be alive if they had received the proper diagnosis and treatment. This equates to 32 years of life lost per person.

Know more: Diabetes: Eight ways to control the craving for sweets

In 2021, there were 8.7 million people living with the disease worldwide. Of these, 1.5 million were younger than 20 years and 1.6 million were 60 years or older. A fifth of people with the disease were in low-income and lower-middle-income countries.

The survey also shed light on the impact of social inequality on the life expectancy of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. In low-income countries, a 10-year-old child with the disease had a life expectancy of up to 13 years in 2021. In low-income countries, a 10-year-old child with the disease had a life expectancy of up to 13 years in 2021. high income, the person is expected to live until the age of 65 with the disease.

Type 1 diabetes: symptoms and how to treat it

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease caused by a failure in the immune system, in which antibodies attack cells that produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. The disease can happen at any age, but it is more common in children, teenagers and young adults.

This type of diabetes occurs in about 5% to 10% of patients with diabetes. Its cause may be related to genetic inheritance in conjunction with environmental factors, such as viral infections. Often, the disease is asymptomatic, however, throughout its evolution, it may show some signs. Among the main type 1 diabetes symptoms they are:

  • Frequent urge to urinate;

  • frequent hunger;

  • constant thirst;

  • Fatigue;

  • Weight loss;

  • Nausea and vomiting.

Read more: Type 1 and 2 diabetes: do you know the difference?

The diagnosis of the disease is made through tests, such as fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin and glycemic curve. Treatment involves changes in lifestyle, including the adoption of a controlled diet and physical activity. In addition, a person with type 1 diabetes needs daily injections of insulin to maintain blood glucose at adequate levels.

Content for educational purposes only. Consult a Doctor.

The translator user relied on the following source:

Minha Vida Website – REF99827

Disclaimer – (English version>) This content has been prepared based on information from research, additional publications, or the translation/verification work of a volunteer editor of this web council. This is a non-profit service. It is strongly recommended that all details and information published be carefully verified. We never allow medication recommendations, medication package inserts or any medication guidance. We never allow partisan politics as information.

Isenção de responsabilidade – (versão em português): Este conteúdo foi preparado com base em informações de pesquisas, publicações adicionais ou no trabalho de tradução/verificação de um editor voluntário deste conselho web. Este é um serviço sem fins lucrativos. É altamente recomendável que todos os detalhes e informações publicadas sejam verificadas cuidadosamente. Nunca permitimos recomendações de medicamentos, bulas ou qualquer orientação sobre medicamentos. Nunca permitimos a política partidária como base para checagem. Para mais informações, leia nossos termos.

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